In this handout image provided by Tokyo Electric Power Company on February 2, 2017, some one square meter (approx. 6 feet) deformed grating parts are seen on the pedestal below the nuclear fuel containment vessel of the No. 2 reactor.
THE FUEL RODS HAVE LEFT THE BUILDING.
UPDATE FEB. 20, 2017: TEPCO WAS BUSTED FOR GIVING OUT TOO LOW A READING ON THAT #2 REACTOR BUILDING WHEN THE 2nd "SCORPION" ROBOT, WHICH IS DESIGNED TO WITHSTAND UP TO 1,000 Sv OF RADIATION PER HOUR, DIDN'T LAST EVEN TWO HOURS AND, ON FEB. 11, REVISED THE READING UP FROM 530 Sv PER HOUR TO 650 Sv.
MAYBE SOMEDAY TEPCO WILL ALLOW INDEPENDENT MEASUREMENTS OF THAT LEAKING SIEVE AND WE'LL FINALLY HAVE THE TRUTH.
THIS WAS THE SECOND ROBOT IN TWO WEEKS TO BE SHUT DOWN BY INCREASING RADIATION INSIDE BUILDING 2.
THAT TEPCO DECIDED TO CUT THE CABLE AND ABANDON THE ROBOTS INSIDE THE REACTOR BUILDING SPEAKS VOLUMES. THOSE ARE NOT CHEAP TOYS, BUT WHAT CAN "CLEAN'" ANYTHING EXPOSED TO THOSE LEVELS OF RADIATION? JUST LEAVING THEM INSIDE TO MELT DOWN WITH THE REST OF THAT PLANT WAS A GOOD IDEA.
FROM 'THE MAINICHI' NEWS IN JAPAN, FEB. 17,2017: Robot survey of severely damaged Fukushima reactor ends in failure
Cleaner robot pulled from Fukushima reactor due to radiation ‹ JapanToday
"Highest radiation reading since 3/11 detected at Fukushima No. 1 reactor... 530 SIEVERTS PER HOUR"
FROM A LEADING JAPANESE NEWSPAPER, THE JAPAN TIMES, FEB. 3, 2017:
"At 530 sieverts, a person could die from even brief exposure, highlighting the difficulties ahead as the government and Tepco grope their way toward dismantling all three reactors crippled by the March 2011 disaster.
The actual condition of the melted fuel remains unknown because the radiation is too high to check it.
An official of the National Institute of Radiological Sciences said medical professionals have never considered dealing with this level of radiation in their work.
According to the institute, 4 sieverts of radiation exposure would kill 1 in 2 people.
Experts say 1,000 millisieverts, or 1 sievert, could lead to infertility, loss of hair and cataracts, while exposure to doses above that increases the risk of cancer."
IN THE AREA NEAREST ITS REACTOR CORE, CHERNOBYL MEASURED 300 SIEVERTS PER HOUR!
TELL ME AGAIN, 'BIG NUKE', HOW CHERNOBYL WAS A WORSE DISASTER THAN FUKUSHIMA?
FROM THE GUARDIAN, FEB. 3, 2017:
"Tepco and its network of partner companies at Fukushima Daiichi have yet to identify the location and condition of melted fuel in the three most seriously damaged reactors. Removing it safely represents a challenge unprecedented in the history of nuclear power.
Earlier this week, the utility released images of dark lumps found beneath reactor No 2 that it believes could be melted uranium fuel rods – the first such discovery since the disaster."
HOW WILL OUR AMERICAN FAKE NEWS MAJOR MEDIA DODGE THESE FACTS?
THEY'LL FIND A WAY TO IGNORE IT.
"Radiation levels inside the containment vessel of reactor No. 2 at Fukushima has reached 530 sieverts per hour—a figure described by experts as “unimaginable.”
The readings, taken by Tokyo Electric Power Co. Holdings Inc. (Tepco), were taken near the entrance of a space immediately below the pressure vessel, which contains the reactor core.
The radiation level inside the plant now far exceeds the previous high of 73 sieverts per hour, which was recorded soon after the triple meltdown in March 2011."
GIVEN THAT TEPCO HAS LIED SO MUCH BEFORE, AND LIED TO COVER UP LIES, SHOULD WE DOUBLE THIS READING THEY CLAIM, TRIPLE IT, MULTIPLY IT BY 100?
Three investigations into the Fukushima disaster showed the man-made nature of the catastrophe and its roots in regulatory capture associated with a "network of corruption, collusion, and nepotism."
(Regulatory capture refers to the "situation where regulators charged with promoting the public interest defer to the wishes and advance the agenda of the industry or sector they regulate".)
[SOURCE: After Fukushima: A Survey of Corruption in the Global Nuclear Power Industry. Asian Perspective. Vol. 37, No. 4.]
IN APRIL, 2011, WHEN MSM WAS STILL ALMOST REPORTING ON THE SITUATION IN JAPAN,ACCORDING TO THE NEW YORK TIMES:
"Kei Sugaoka, a nuclear inspector, told regulators of problems at the Fukushima Daiichi plant 11 years ago. An investigation ultimately revealed that executives at Tokyo Electric Power had engaged in a cover-up.
TEPCO's position as the largest electrical utility in Japan made it the most desirable position for retiring regulators.
Typically the "most senior officials went to work at TEPCO, while those of lower ranks ended up at smaller utilities."
A 10-year extension for the oldest of Daiichi’s reactors suggests that the regulatory system was allowed to remain lax by politicians, bureaucrats and industry executives single-mindedly focused on expanding nuclear power. Regulators approved the extension beyond the reactor’s 40-year statutory limit just weeks before the tsunami despite warnings about its safety and subsequent admissions by Tokyo Electric, often called Tepco, that it had failed to carry out proper inspections of critical equipment."
AND NOW, TODAY, 530 SIEVERTS PER HOUR OF TEPCO-MEASURED RADIATION AT AN ENTRANCE TO THE REACTOR 2 BUILDING!
MEASURED AT JUST ONE AREA?
WHY ONLY ONE AREA?
WHAT ARE THE MEASUREMENTS IN GROUNDWATER, WELLS NEAR THE PLANT, IN THE AIR DOWNWIND FROM THE PLANT, IN THE MEGA-TONS OF WATER PUMPED INTO THE PACIFIC THIS WEEK, OR TODAY?
"Just one dose of a SINGLE sievert is enough to cause radiation sickness and nausea.
Exposure to four to five sieverts would kill about half of those exposed to it within a month, while a single dose of 10 sieverts is enough to kill a person within weeks."
THEY DISCOVERED A HUGE HOLE IN THE MIDDLE OF A CONTAINMENT VESSEL, THE ONLY ONE THEY'VE BEEN ABLE TO CHECK, OR ARE WILLING TO CHECK.
A remotely-operated vehicle discovered a horrific 6.5-feet (two-meter) hole in the metal grating under the pressure vessel in the reactor’s primary containment vessel.
The company suspects the gash was created by nuclear fuel that melted and then pierced through the vessel after the tsunami knocked out Fukushima Daiichi’s back-up cooling system.
THEY DON'T KNOW HOW LONG THAT HOLE HAS BEEN THERE BUT IT MAY HAVE BEEN THERE FOR SIX YEARS, SINCE DAY 1.
WHAT ABOUT PEOPLE LIVING WITHIN, OH, SAY, 50 MILES OF THAT PLANT?
WHAT ABOUT "DOWN-WINDERS", OR THOSE WHO EAT FOODS GROWN UNDER THAT FALLOUT?
WHAT ABOUT WORKERS WHO MAY HAVE BEEN EXPOSED TO THESE HIGH LEVELS FOR DAYS, WEEKS...?
THESE READINGS MAY BE LOW, AND PAST READINGS MAY HAVE BEEN WRONG, SAYS GOOD OLD TEPCO.
"MAY" HAVE BEEN?
TEPCO HAS BEEN BUSTED TELLING LIES MORE TIMES THAN ANYONE CAN ACTUALLY COUNT, YEAR AFTER YEAR...LIES.
"Tepco made the readings by analyzing electronic noise caused by the radiation in video images. The company says this technique has a margin of error of plus or minus 30 percent (so even at the extreme low ball, the levels are no lower than 370 sieverts per minute—but possibly as high as 690!).
Officials with Tepco aren’t entirely sure why radiation levels are on such a dramatic upward trend.
Either previous readings were insufficient or incorrect, or conditions inside the plant are changing.
Problem is, the interior condition of the plant is still a big mystery.
Tepco has been unable to confirm the condition of the melted fuel owing to the extreme and inhospitable conditions inside.
The high readings suggest that some of the melted fuel that escaped the pressure vessel is lingering nearby.
THEY SCREAM IT!
NO ONE IS ABLE TO TREAT THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN EXPOSED TO THESE LEVELS.
THEY ARE UNHEARD OF!
WHOEVER HAS BEEN EXPOSED TO THIS IS DEAD, BUT WHO WILL REPORT SUCH DEATHS WHEN THE ABE REGIME HAS THREATENED ANYONE WHO REPORTS ALL THE TRUTH, MENTIONS THE CONNECTION BETWEEN DEATHS OR EVEN ILLNESS AND RADIATION, WITH IMPRISONMENT?
WILL ANYONE BE BRAVE ENOUGH TO INFORM THE WORLD WHAT'S REALLY GOING ON THERE?
CHERNOBYL NEVER EMANATED THIS MUCH RADIATION.
SEE CHART BELOW AT TRIPLE ASTERISKS ***.
FROM THE WORLD NUCLEAR ASSOCIATION (WNA) :
"The (Chernobyl) casualties included firefighters who attended the initial fires on the roof of the turbine building. All these were put out in a few hours, but radiation doses on the first day were estimated to range up to 20,000 millisieverts (mSv), causing 28 deaths – six of which were firemen – by the end of July 1986.
Most of those evacuated received radiation doses of less than 50 mSv, although a few received 100 mSv or more.
SINCE 1,000 MILLISIEVERTS EQUAL 1 SIEVERT, THEN CHERNOBYL, AT ITS PEAK, PUT OUT 20 SIEVERTS WHICH CAUSED ALMOST IMMEDIATE DEATH....GOT IT?
HOWEVER, THE "REPORT" FROM THE 'WNA' HAS BEEN QUESTIONED BY MANY WITH VERY FINE CREDENTIALS IN THE AREA OF NUCLEAR ENERGY, AND FINDINGS BY INDEPENDENT STUDIES DISAGREE ON HOW MANY DIED AS A RESULT OF CHERNOBYL, HOW MANY BIRTH DEFECTS AND CANCERS IT'S CAUSED AND WILL CAUSE IN YEARS TO COME, AND HAVE ALSO QUESTIONED THE CLOSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE 'UNSEAR' AND THE NUCLEAR POWER INDUSTRY, AND THE VERACITY OF ANY UNBIASED, IN-DEPTH. STUDY BEING CONDUCTED BY THE U.N., WNA, OR ANYONE WHO HAS A CLOSE LINK TO WORLD NUKE COMPANIES.
IN ANY CASE, FUKUSHIMA'S READINGS ARE HIGHER THAN ANY BEFORE KNOWN FROM A NUCLEAR POWER PLANT...PERIOD.
"According to the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, medical professionals aren’t prepared to treat patients who have been exposed to the levels of radiation currently experienced at the facility. This is a big problem for Tepco, which plans to remove fuel debris as part of the decommissioning process. The dismantling of Fukushima is scheduled to start in 2021 and could take nearly a half-century."
SO NOW THEY HAVE THE NICE NEW EXCUSE OF IMPOSSIBLY HIGH RADIATION SO THEY CAN ONCE AGAIN "SUSPEND" FURTHER CLEANUP, FURTHER "INVESTIGATION".
MEANWHILE, THE WORLD PREPARES FOR THE OLYMPIC GAMES IN TOKYO...NOT KNOWING HOW HIGH THE RADIATION REALLY IS THERE, OR HOW HIGH IT WILL BE IN ANOTHER 2 OR 3 YEARS.
WILL THEY START MEASURING AND REPORTING HONEST DATA FROM THOSE OLYMPIC FACILITIES IN THE FUKUSHIMA PREFECTURE BETWEEN NOW AND 2020?
WILL ABE STILL FORCE EVACUEES TO RETURN TO AREAS CLOSE TO THAT PLANT?
OF COURSE HE WILL, BECAUSE IF HE DOESN'T, HE'D HAVE TO ADMIT THE AREA IS TOO CONTAMINATED TO HOST OLYMPIANS AND TOURISTS ATTENDING THE GAMES.
BECAUSE OF HIS DRIVE TO HOST THE OLYMPICS SO THE WORLD CONTINUES TO THINK "FUKUSHIMA IS OVER AND ALL IS WELL IN JAPAN", WE WILL NEVER KNOW HOW MANY LIVES HIS PRIDE AND HIS DRIVE COSTS THE NATIONS OF EARTH, ESPECIALLY HIS OWN JAPAN AND NEARBY NATIONS.... OR AMERICANS, BECAUSE WE ARE IN THE PATH OF BOTH WINDS AND RAINFALL FROM THERE AND THOSE CONTAMINATED PACIFIC WATERS CIRCULATE AGAINST OUR WESTERN SHORE.
COLLUSION HAS BEEN AND CONTINUES TO BE A WAY OF LIFE IN THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY WORLDWIDE, JAPAN BEING NO RARE EXCEPTION...IT'S JUST BUSINESS AS USUAL AS THE NEW YORK TIMES REPORTED SOON AFTER THAT MAN-MADE DISASTER.
“Because of this collusion, the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency ends up becoming a member of the community seeking profits from nuclear power,” said Hidekatsu Yoshii, a Communist Party lawmaker and nuclear engineer who has long followed the nuclear industry.
Collusion flows the other way, too, in a lesser-known practice known as amaagari, or ascent to heaven. Because the regulatory panels meant to backstop the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency lack full-time technical experts, they depend largely on retired or active engineers from nuclear-industry-related companies. They are unlikely to criticize the companies that employ them.
Even academics who challenge the industry may find themselves shunned. As Japan has begun looking into the problems surrounding collusion since March 11, the Japanese news media has highlighted the discrimination faced by academics who raised questions about the safety of nuclear power.
In Japan, research into nuclear power is financed by the government or nuclear power-related companies. Unable to conduct research, skeptics, especially a group of six at Kyoto University, languished for decades as assistant professors.
The agency “has the legal authority to regulate the utilities, but significantly lacks the technical capability to independently evaluate what they propose,” said Satoshi Sato, who has nearly 30 years’ experience working in the nuclear industry in the United States and Japan. “Naturally, the regulators tend to avoid any risk by proposing their own ideas.”
Inspections are not rigorous, Mr. Sato said, because agency inspectors are not trained thoroughly, and safety standards are watered down to meet levels that the utilities can financially bear, he and others said.
Dominion in Parliament
The political establishment, one of the great beneficiaries of the nuclear power industry, has shown little interest in bolstering safety. In fact, critics say, lax oversight serves their interests. Costly renovations get in the way of building new plants, which create construction projects, jobs and generous subsidies to host communities.
The Liberal Democrats, who governed Japan nearly without interruption from 1955 to 2009, have close ties to the management of nuclear-industry-related companies. The Democratic Party, which has governed since, is backed by labor unions, which, in Japan, tend to be close to management.
“Both parties are captive to the power companies, and they follow what the power companies want to do,” said Taro Kono, a Liberal Democratic lawmaker with a reputation as a reformer.
Under Japan’s electoral system, in which a significant percentage of legislators is chosen indirectly, parties reward institutional backers with seats in Parliament.
In 1998, the Liberal Democrats selected Tokio Kano, a former vice president at Tepco, for one of these seats.
Backed by Keidanren — Japan’s biggest business lobby, of which Tepco is one of the biggest members —
Mr. Kano served two six-year terms in the upper house of Parliament until 2010. In a move that has raised eyebrows even in a world of cross-fertilizing interests, he has returned to Tepco as an adviser.
Mr. Kano’s legislative activities drew criticism even from some members of his own party.
“He rewrote everything in favor of the power companies,” Mr. Kono said.
Hearings on reforming the agency were held starting in 2009 at the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, said Yosuke Kondo, a lawmaker of the governing Democratic Party who was the ministry’s deputy minister at the time. But they fizzled out, he said, after a new minister was appointed in September 2010.The new minister, Akihiro Ohata, was a former engineer at Hitachi’s nuclear division and one of the most influential advocates of nuclear power in the Democratic Party.
REMEMBER THIS FROM BACK IN JUNE, 2016?
Fukushima radiation spikes 7,000% as contaminated water pours into the ocean
"Cleanup crews trying to mitigate Japan’s never-ending radiation crisis at Fukushima ran into more problems recently after sensors monitoring a drainage gutter detected a huge spike in radiation levels from wastewater pouring into the Pacific Ocean.
TEPCO shut off leaky gutter, but radiation continued to spike throughout day
The gutter was quickly decommissioned to prevent further radiation emissions, but the leaks reportedly continued throughout the day, with radiation levels hovering between 10 and 20 times higher than normal.
TEPCO says it doesn’t know what caused the sudden radiation spikes."
TEPCO ALWAYS SAYS IT JUST DOESN'T KNOW.
ABE ALWAYS SAYS EVERYTHING IS FINE.
JAPANESE NUCLEAR REGULATORY AND GOVERNMENT 'OFFICIALS' TELL THEIR OWN PEOPLE TO "SMILE AND THE RADIATION WON'T HARM YOU. IT WILL BE LIKE ANGEL KISSES."
FIRST-HAND ACCOUNT OF A JAPANESE MOTHER WHO FLED FROM THE CONTAMINATED AREA (TRANSLATION DOESN'T DO IT JUSTICE):
From the book, "The Truth of Fukushima: Why Must Children Pay for the Sins of Grown-ups?"
By Show Udajima
Testimony 4, 28-year-old Uwamae Masako:
"I’m a mother who has two kids. I lived in Koriyama, Fukushima.
After the electric power was restored, we watched TV. A famous professor repeatedly talked about how the nuclear plant functioned, and our government also said that there was no direct effect, but I felt uneasy. The danger of the third reactor is different from others, because it generates power from MOX ( mixed plutonium and uranium oxide) fuel. If the plutonium diffuses, it will be extremely dangerous — it will make a lot of people die even if the diffuse amount is as little as one teaspoon.
None of this information was reported on TV, so many Japanese didn’t know it. I knew it only because I had a friend who was devoted to being against MOX fuel. It was terrible that information like this couldn’t be broadcast on TV, so I took my two kids to run away to my parents’ place — Kyoto.
Many people thought that as long as we stayed 10 km away from the nuclear plant, it was safe enough, but those big US corporations actually asked for their people who were within 80 km (even 100 km) to evacuate. The Fukushima government had possession of the forecast chart of radiation levels in the air, but they didn’t publish them. On the contrary, they held a speaking tour to advocate that there was no need to worry about radiation.
Many residents listened to the government, who claimed that people could live there without problems and enjoy outdoor activities as usual. Therefore, many residents gave up the idea of escaping from Fukushima [and continued to live there].
The expert (Dr. Shunichi Yamashita, the Japanese government’s Fukushima Radiation Health Risk Advisor) even said that radiation wouldn’t affect happy people. Many people believed him, because he is from Nagasaki, which had suffered from the radiation of the atomic bomb. They thought that he should know more about radiation due to his background. However, the exposure to radiation is more complicated than you can imagine. The more serious problems included eating food that had been exposed to radiation. It was just like letting your internal organs be exposed to radiation.
After the explosion, more and more residents got sick.
Up to now, I’ve had three Fukushima friends who died in the prime of life because of myocardial infarction. A junior high school student also died because of acute leukemia.
The Japanese government didn’t ask for local residents to evacuate, but instead paid them to dig, mow, cut down trees and clean buildings with water.
These actions couldn’t help much, because the contaminated soil was not removed, and when you burned the grass and trees, it resulted in radiation being transferred to smaller particles which then accumulated in the environment.
Needless to say, many people died because they did “the cleaning”.
Even now some people still don’t understand. Some of them wanted to run away, but in the end they gave up due to disagreements between family members. (Many couples divorced due to reasons like this.)
I gave up my friends and my job, even my home, because I knew no matter how cautious I was, I couldn’t avoid coming into contact with contaminated water, land and air, so the only thing I could do was to be far away from my home.
We finally came to Taiwan because contaminated food was everywhere in Japan, even in kids’ school lunches.
[IRONICALLY FOR THIS MOTHER, TAIWAN HAS AGREED TO IMPORT FUKUSHIMA-GROWN RICE NOW.]
The debris was transported to burn in Kansai. Kansai received compensation for this, but, at the same time, local residents were harmed.
Japanese TV news deceived people, saying that the rising radiation levels were because of atmospheric pollution coming from China. I wanted to protect the lives and future of my children and myself, so I decided to move away from Japan. Everything can be regained, but lost lives cannot.
I truly hope that Taiwan won’t be like Japan. People need to have a greater understanding of nuclear power before they can make the right decisions and take proper action. Then we can protect our beloved family. In order to protect them, I would like to promote the idea of anti-nuclear power to all Taiwanese."
WHAT THE PEOPLE OF FUKUSHIMA WERE TOLD BY A GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL TO GET THEM TO STAY WHERE THEY WERE....
“To tell you the truth, radiation doesn’t affect people who are smiling. Only those who are worried. This has clearly been demonstrated by animal studies.”
“Drinking may be bad for your health, but happy drinkers are less affected by radiation.”
“Internal exposure has 10 times less health risk than external exposure.”
“No effect on health below 100 millisieverts radiation exposure.”
“Adults over 20 years have very little sensitivity to radiation. Almost zero.”
“Men don’t have to worry [about radiation]. All we need to do is protect women, children, infants…”
“Not a problem if you continue to live here. Just wash your vegetables, that’s all.”
Watch that Japanese propaganda video that promises radiation won’t harm you if you just “laugh” by clicking <HERE>.
IN RESPONSE, FUKUSHIMA PARENTS ASKED FOR THE REMOVAL OF THAT IDIOTIC OFFICIAL.
IN DECEMBER OF 2016, JUST OVER A MONTH AGO, OUR OWN FDA ISSUED NEW "CHARGE CODES" FOR IMPORTS FROM FUKUSHIMA...SHOWING WHAT ALL THE JAPANESE GOVERNMENT HAD REMOVED FROM FURTHER RESTRICTIONS, MONITORING BE DAMNED.
YOU WILL DO WELL TO READ THAT:
"Fukushima Is a Nuclear War without a War"
FUKUSHIMA IS NOT OVER...IT WILL NEVER BE OVER BECAUSE THE WORLD HAS OBVIOUSLY DECIDED TO ALLOW ABE AND HIS COHORTS TO CONTINUE NUKING US ALL INTO OBLIVION.
AND WHAT ARE WE, THE PEOPLE AFFECTED BY ALL THIS, DOING ABOUT IT?
YOU TELL ME.... I DON'T SEE MUCH OF ANYTHING BEING DONE.
I CAN'T EVEN ENLIST BUT A VERY FEW TO EVEN WRITE AND CALL THEIR CONGRESSMEN, THE NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION, THE ABE ADMINISTRATION... FEW AMERICANS SEEM TO SEE ANY DANGER TO ANYONE AT ALL FROM FUKUSHIMA.
"Nuclear radiation –which threatens life on planet earth– is not front page news in comparison to the most insignificant issues of public concern, including the local level crime scene or the tabloid gossip reports on Hollywood celebrities."
I GUESS MOST HAVE DECIDED TO "GO OUT LAUGHING", LIKE THE OFFICIAL TOLD PEOPLE TO DO?
SOURCES FOR THE ABOVE NOT IN MY 'NOTORIOUS' ALL-CAPS:
~ THE JAPAN TIMES
~ THE GUARDIAN, U.K.
*** Approximate radiation intensity levels at different locations at Chernobyl reactor site shortly after the explosion are shown in the below table.
A dose of 500 roentgens (~5 Sv) delivered over five hours is usually lethal for human beings.
Listed first is Location of Radiation, then (roentgens per hour),then Sieverts per hour
-Vicinity of the reactor core, 30,000 300
-Fuel fragments, 15,000–20,000 150–200
-Debris heap at circulation pumps, 10,000 100
-Debris near electrolyzers, 5,000–15,000 50–150
-Water in the Level +25 feedwater room, 5,000 50
-Level 0 of turbine hall, 500–15,000 5–150
-Area of the affected unit, 1,000–1,500 10–15
-Water in Room 712, 1,000 10
-Control room, 3–5 0. 03–0.05
-Hydropower Installation, 30 0.3
-Nearby concrete mixing unit 10–15 0.10–0.15
[SOURCE: "JPRS Report: Soviet Union Economic Affairs Chernobyl Notebook" ]
The radiation levels in the worst-hit areas of the reactor building have been estimated to be 5.6 roentgens per second (R/s), equivalent to more than 20,000 roentgens per hour. A lethal dose is around 500 roentgens (~5 Gy) over 5 hours, so in some areas, unprotected workers received fatal doses in less than a minute.
However, a dosimeter capable of measuring up to 1000 R/s was buried in the rubble of a collapsed part of the building, and another one failed when turned on.
All remaining dosimeters had limits of 0.001 R/s and therefore read "off scale".
Thus, the reactor crew could ascertain only that the radiation levels were somewhere above 0.001 R/s (3.6 R/h), while the true levels were much higher in some areas.
[SOURCE: The Legacy of Chernobyl . First American edition published in 1990
Four hundred times more radioactive material was released from Chernobyl than by the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.
The disaster released 1/100 to 1/1000 of the total amount of radioactivity released by nuclear weapons testing during all the 1950s and 1960s
AND FUKUSHIMA IS WORSE, FOR IT HAS GONE ON FOR 6 YEARS, UNCHECKED, LEAKING RADIATION EVERY SINGLE DAY, ALL DAY LONG, AND NOW IT'S GETTING WORSE!
~ QUITE SOME TIME AGO, BECAUSE SOMEONE ASKED ME TO, I HAD A LOOK AT WIKIPEDIA'S TAKE ON CHERNOBYL.
IT WAS, AS ALWAYS,MORE THAN A BIT "SKEWED", BUT NOT AS BAD AS MOST 'ARTICLES' ON WIKIPEDIA.
FOLLOWING EVERY LINK AND FACT-CHECKING ALWAYS HELPS WHEN READING ON WIKIPEDIA.
THINKING BACK TO THAT AFTER FUKUSHIMA, I REALIZED THAT ABE HAD COPIED SEVERAL THINGS STRAIGHT FROM OLD WIKIPEDIA'S LISTS THAT THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ALSO PREVENTABLE RUSSIAN/UKRAINIAN DISASTER HAD PULLED OFF TO MAKE THE WORLD BELIEVE IT "WASN'T THAT BAD".
SINCE THEN, SEVERAL "EDITS" (ANY HIGH SCHOOL KID CAN EDIT WIKIPEDIA, AS WELL AS ANYONE WHO WANTS TO CHANGE THINGS TO LOOK BETTER) HAVE APPEARED, BUT THE BASICS ARE 'OKAY', SO, FOR BREVITY, FOR THOSE WHO WISH TO READ MORE, GO TO https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_disaster#Radiation_levels .