Sunday, October 8, 2017
THOUSANDS OF DEAD SHARKS, RAYS, SEA BASS, HALIBUT AND OTHERS, BAY AREA MYSTERY
IT'S HAPPENED BEFORE, BUT NOT LIKE THIS.
In 2011 more than 1,000 dead sharks were counted along the Redwood Shores Lagoon and along Richardson Bay, in Marin County in the last major die off. However, recurring die off events have been recorded in the Bay, including one in Berkeley in 2016.
SOME SCIENTISTS ARE BLAMING LOW SALINITY AND POINTING TO THE DATA ABOVE TO JUSTIFY THAT, BUT AS ANYONE CAN SEE, LOW SALINITY WAS ALSO A PROBLEM, AND WAS EVEN LOWER THAN THIS YEAR, IN 1983, 1986, AND WAS AS LOW AS OR ONLY SLIGHTLY HIGHER IN 1995 AND 1998.
..NO MASS DIE-OFFS THEN.
BUT THERE WERE MANY OTHERS:
So far this year, we've seen 380 KNOWN mass animal die-offs, spread across 73 different countries.
That's fewer than last year, but we have 3 more months left.
In 2016, there were 556 KNOWN die-offs in 81 countries.
In 2015 there were 828 known 'events' in 96 countries.
In 2014 there were 651 known 'mass animal deaths' in 76 countries,
and in 2013 there were 798 in 93 countries.
In 2012 there were 465 reported from 67 countries.
I'VE SHOWN YOU THOSE STATISTICS, THE DAMNABLE "PEER-REVIEWED STUDIES", ETC, SINCE 2011.
HUNDREDS OF THOSE EVENTS INVOLVED MILLIONS OF MARINE DEATHS AT ONE TIME: MILLIONS OF ANCHOVIES, SARDINES, JELLYFISH, STAR FISH, SEA URCHINS, MUSSELS, CLAMS, HERRING, OTHER FOOD FISH, OTHER CRUSTACEANS, SHELLFISH, ETC.
HUNDREDS OF THOSE EVENTS INVOLVE MANY THOUSANDS OF MARINE DEATHS: SNAPPER, FLOUNDER, SALMON, SEA TROUT, SEA BIRDS, TURTLES, SEALS, SEA LIONS, ETC.
THE REST INVOLVED PERHAPS "ONLY" HUNDREDS OR "JUST" DOZENS:
WHALES, DOLPHINS, MANATEE, WALRUSES, POLAR BEARS....
ADD THOSE UP AND SEE THE GREAT LOSS?
ONE RESEARCHER CLAIMS TO HAVE FOUND THE CAUSE OF THE BAY AREA DEATHS, BUT ADMITS THAT NOT ALL NECROPSIES SHOWED THIS ORGANISM.
IT ISN'T 'RED TIDE', NOR IS EL NINO TO BLAME.
IT ISN'T ANY OF THE 'USUAL SUSPECTS'.
“They say it could be the same infection that’s killing mako sharks this year… but the question remains, why is the infection making its way through different shark species?” — Sean Van Sommeran, Pelagic Shark Research Foundation executive director: “Let’s see if we can exactly identify what appears to be a new type of brain infection — first of its kind, documented in a Great White shark like that.”
AND IT'S SEEN IN SEA LIONS, COASTAL BIRDS, IN MORE THAN ONE LOCATION.
KKFX FOX 11 transcript, Apr 22, 2017: A local rescue group is getting flooded with calls about sick or dead sea lions showing up on Santa Barbara beaches… Sick and confused, dozens of sea lions are appearing on Santa Barbara beaches with signs of brain damage. Samuel Dover, Channel Islands Marine & Wildlife Institute: “Normally we see injured animals about 1 or 2 here or there… Last Friday we got over 100 calls per day about sea lions in distress.”
Ventura County Reporter, Apr 26, 2017: Since the beginning of April, beachgoers have reported numerous sightings of discombobulated sea lions and sickly birds… “It has been pretty intense,” said [California State University, Channel Islands, Assistant Professor of Biology Allison Alvarado,] “It was like thousands of birds were being found”
NO, IT WASN'T THE HANDY DOMOIC ACID POISONING.
BTW, THIS IS THE 6th YEAR FOR MASS SEA LION AND BIRD DIE-OFFS.
ABOVE AND BELOW PHOTOS: DEAD BAT RAYS WERE ADDED TO THIS YEAR'S DIE-OFF.
Authorities say unusually high numbers of stranded or dead marine mammals and birds have shown up in spots throughout the Southern California coast in recent weeks. Federal and state agencies are working to document the scope of affected wildlife and mortalities. Tests are underway to determine the cause of illness and death… they become sick, suffer from seizures and brain damage… The CIMWI hotline started getting about 100 calls on Friday and pretty much every day since, Dover said… [D]olphins have been impacted
“This is the worst year we have ever seen,” Dover said. Beachgoers also have reported large numbers of dead and dying birds.
Santa Barbara Independent, Apr 25, 2017: Since the beginning of April, Julia Parker has seen 216 sick pelagic birds come into the Santa Barbara Wildlife Care Network. There were only four in February, and three in March… Many more have been found dead on nearby beaches. Pelagic birds live their lives on the ocean. “They only beach themselves if there’s something wrong: if… they’re emaciated and starving,” explained Parker, the network’s Director of Animal Affairs.
ABOVE: This 4-foot-long leopard shark thrashed in the water on May 6, 2017 for nearly 20 minutes off Dumbarton Pier near Fremont before it died.
ABOVE: ANOTHER DYING LEOPARD SHARK.
SHOWN ABOVE, IS COMPLETELY UNCHANGED FROM SPECIMENS OF MILLIONS OF YEARS AGO.
THE SAME CAN BE SAID OF EARTH'S SHARKS, THE BASIC DESIGN HAS BEEN UNCHANGED.
SO, SINCE BOTH HAVE CO-EXISTED FOR MILLENIA, WHY NOW, WHY REPEATED MASS DIE-OFFS FOR JUST THE PAST 10-20 YEARS?
I FIND THAT INTERESTING, THAT NEITHER ORGANISM HAS 'EVOLVED' INTO SOMETHING NEW IN MILLIONS OF YEARS, GIVEN THAT THE ABOVE ONE-CELLED FELLOW IS SUPPOSED TO BE A RELATIVE OF THE HUMAN SPECIES.
WHEN MIGHT WE EXPECT TO SEE THEM 'EVOLVE' INTO HIGHER FORMS OF LIFE, SINCE NEITHER THEY NOR SHARKS HAVE DONE SO IN BILLIONS, MILLIONS OF YEARS?
HAD THIS BEEN ABOUT BACTERIA, WE COULD HAVE WONDERED THE SAME THING...WHEN, OH, WHEN WILL THEY RISE UP AND WALK LIKE MEN? BUT I DIGRESS...
[And you who read here often surely saw that coming? My utter disdain for the THEORIST, Darwin, cannot be expressed in words. His was VERY bad 'science'.
"If there are no transitional forms found in the fossil record then my theory is false” – Charles Darwin.
Well, 'Sorry, Charlie', but In the entire fossil record, there is not a single unequivocal transitional form proving a causal relationship between any two species.]
WHATEVER IT IS, IT AFFECTS JUVENILES THE SAME AS ADULTS, THE HEALTHY WITH THE DEBILITATED.
^ Dr. Mark Okihiro, senior fish pathologist at the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, performs a necropsy on a smoothhound shark (Aug. 15, 2017).
Photo credit: NBC Bay Area
NOTE THAT THIS APPEARS TO BE A VERY HEALTHY YOUNG SPECIMEN.
“This year is unusual in that there has been a large number of other species that have also been dying,” said Dr. Mark Okihiro, a research scientist with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. “This pathogen can tackle a variety of different species … we've had a much more diverse group of fish that have been found dead in the San Francisco Bay.”
At least 500 bat rays, hundreds of striped bass, 50 smooth-hound sharks and about 100 halibut died in the bay between February and July, according to Okihiro’s estimates.
Okihiro now believes a parasite may be behind the mysterious die-off that has plagued the Bay Area.
“We're pretty confident at this point,” Okihiro said. “It's called Miamiensis avidus … it's a small single celled organism. It's very similar to the common amoeba.”
The deadly pathogen sneaks in through the shark’s nose and slowly eats away at the brain, Okihiro says, oftentimes causing sharks to beach themselves or swim in circles. A leopard shark, exhibiting that very behavior, was spotted just outside the ballpark during a recent San Francisco Giants game and was likely in the process of dying.
Okihiro estimates 1,000 to 2,000 leopard sharks have died in the bay so far this year, however, he concedes the death toll could actually be higher.
“The sharks you see on shore are just a small fraction of the sharks that are actually dying in the bay,” he said."Sharks are not naturally buoyant. Unless they are actively swimming, their bodies sink. As a result, infected sharks that die in deep water may never actually wash up on shore."
“I think it’s almost certain that the number of sharks that have died are much higher,” said Dr. Andrew Nosal, a marine biologist at UC San Diego and a top expert on leopard sharks, the main species that has washed up dead in the bay. “We have to find out what’s killing these sharks.”
Nosal’s ongoing research centers on the migration patterns of leopard sharks. He says it is crucial the state dedicate resources towards investigating the cause of the sharks’ mysterious demise.
“If you remove leopard sharks from the population, it is going to have a chain reaction,” Nosal said. “They’re eating other things and other things are eating them.”
“If we don’t find out, then there’s nothing we can do about it,” he said.
While Nosal says he is concerned that other species are now dying, he also fears the threat could spread to other ecosystems along the West Coast.
“It’s isolated in San Francisco [Bay], but are we going to start seeing this up and down the coast of California?”
For now, no one knows for certain.
“I think that’s what the scariest part is,” Nosal said.
Humans who swim in the Bay or eat infected sea life are unlikely to become infected.
"UNLIKELY"? HOW UNLIKELY?
FROM THE MERCURY NEWS
May 15, 2017
In March, the bay water near San Francisco International Airport was so diluted from this winter’s storms that its salinity hit 9 parts per thousand — the lowest during any March in 31 years, and far below the historic March average of 21 parts per thousand, according to Jim Cloern, a research ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park who has studied the bay since 1976.
“I don’t think we should be surprised that these extreme events that very rapidly flush sea salts out of the bay have effects on organisms,” Cloern said. “I wouldn’t be surprised if there have been die-offs of other species, like oysters and clams.”
But all the rain rushing in from the Delta and Bay Area rivers also helped clean the bay by scouring old mercury, DDT and PCBs in bay mud out to the ocean, Cloern said. And it brought in sand and mud to build marshes for ducks, geese, shorebirds and fish.
Cloern predicts that the leopard shark population will recover fairly quickly.
But others working on the issue say even if that occurs, the die-off raises big questions about whether bayfront communities should rescue sharks trapped behind tidal gates and the role human pollution is playing in contributing to the fungal blooms.
“There are so many of them dying,” said Sean van Sommeran, executive director of the Pelagic Shark Research Foundation, a Santa Cruz nonprofit that has collected many of the dead sharks. “They are attractive. They don’t bite people. They are the nicest shark you are going to find.”
Fresh water also could have disrupted the sharks’ health on its own, said Jim Hobbs, a research scientist at UC Davis who has studied the bay’s leopard sharks for the past seven years.
Hobbs noted that leopard sharks do best when the salinity of water is about 20 to 25 parts per thousand, a level typical of San Francisco Bay in most years. But when the sharks are exposed to water below 15 parts per thousand for more than three weeks — as it has been this year — the sharks weaken, studies show.
“They go from being able to regulate their internal salt content to not being able to,” Hobbs said. “It causes a whole variety of impairments. They can’t excrete toxins that build up in their bodies.”
NOTE AS YOU READ THAT OTHERS DO NOT AGREE WITH HIS ASSESSMENT.
THEY SAY FRESH WATER HELPS REMOVE TOXINS.
THERE ARE PLENTY OF TOXINS OUT THERE.
State Snubs Shark Research, Prioritizes Funding to Higher-Risk Wildlife
The NBC Bay Area Investigative Unit requested an interview with the department’s director, Charlton Bonham, to discuss the “leopard shark die-off” and the “agency’s overall involvement in the issue, including funding.”
However, the department’s public relations manager, Deputy Director Jordan Traverso, said Gabe Tiffany, Deputy Director of Administration, would be the best person to answer those questions.
Gabe Tiffany is Deputy Director of Administration for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, overseeing the budget and accounting .
During the interview, Tiffany could not answer how much money the department currently allocates towards researching the recent die-off, nor could he answer specific questions about the state’s involvement in the research effort.
Following the interview, the department confirmed it is not currently providing any funding towards investigating the shark deaths.
While the state Legislature and governor could approve additional funds for shark research in the future, Traverso said the California Department of Fish and Wildlife will continue to dedicate its current resources to higher-risk wildlife.
“Some of the current priorities include implementing the Marine Life Protection Act and establishing and monitoring Marine Protected Areas, rebuilding impacted fisheries (Chinook salmon in-river and the ocean, red urchin, red abalone), addressing the kelp die-off along the north-central and north coast, and implementing a different water management scheme to provide healthier fish populations in the Central Valley rivers, Delta, and San Francisco Bay,” Traverso said in a statement.”
Leopard sharks are not a threatened or endangered species. In fact, they are some of the most abundant sharks off the California coast.
However, Nosal said that makes them canaries in a sort of Bay Area coal mine since their abundant population appears to be making them especially vulnerable.
“When they die and wash ashore, it’s pretty obvious,” he said. “We see it. But what about all the other species that, perhaps, are getting sick and dying and simply sinking to the bottom that we just don’t know about? There’s a lot more at stake here than just leopard sharks.”
WHY THIS YEAR AND WHY IS IT THIS BAD?
The protozoa is a common parasite in fish, affecting a wide variety of species.
It’s probably present and well-adapted to some kind of fish that already lives in the Bay, Dr. Mark Okhiro says, perhaps a rockfish or perch species.
What caused it to affect sharks so particularly in 2006, 2011, and 2017?
What was different this year?
If you lived through the Bay Area winter this year, you may guess at the answer: it rained a lot this year. It also rained a lot in 2011, and 2006.
That much rain adds at least two more variables to the mix. There was a huge freshwater surge into the Bay that lowered the salinity of the water, particularly in the slow-circulating South Bay.
Warner Chabot, the executive director at the San Francisco Estuary Institute, suggested in an email to reporters and conservation groups that salinity levels were as low in the South Bay this year as they’ve been in decades. Low salinity might have weakened the sharks’ immune systems, causing the parasite to take hold with greater ferocity than normal. “The 2017 low salinity anomaly may have increased the stress on leopard sharks,” Chabot wrote, “and should be considered as a factor for this year’s dramatic decline.”
It’s not just low salinity, though. All that runoff contributes huge influxes of human pollutants into the Bay: personal care products, pesticides, motor oil, heavy metals. Leopard sharks gather in large numbers and swim into shallower, more stagnant water in the spring, just as those contaminants are flushed in.
But if the die-off did have something to do with salinity or contaminant exposure, it’ll be hard to tell.
A California Department of Fish and Wildlife press statement in late May concluded that in either case, it “will be largely beyond our ability alone to address.”
It turns out that there are a number of unanswered questions, and not much funding out there to answer them.
Talk to a shark researcher and they’ll point out: sharks might be popular, but research into them generally isn’t funded accordingly.
Okihiro’s main job is to inspect white sea bass hatcheries in Southern California; he’s the statewide lead on shark strandings because there’s overlap between the diseases that infect the sea bass and the diseases that infect the sharks. Yet to sort out the complex dance of contaminants, environmental conditions, behavior, biology, and pathogens that killed these sharks might take dozens of researchers attacking the problem, and funding to match.
“The problem is, every researcher would like more funding,” Okihiro says. “The drought has chewed up a huge part of the Fish and Wildlife budget, so there’s very little left to the pie to slice up for other projects. I’m appreciative that there’s more interest, and Fish and Wildlife has recognized that this is a serious problem that needs looking at. But right now I think we’ll have to try and let the dust settle and see what we would like to do going forward.”
May 15, 2017
Leopard sharks have been found dead on beaches in Foster City, Hayward, San Francisco, Berkeley and other locations.
And the deaths show no signs of slowing down.
“They appear to be stranding themselves,” said Joshua Porter, a marine biologist with the East Bay Regional Park District. “Park users have pushed them back in the water, but in all reality they are going to die, or work their way back to the sand. When they beach themselves, there’s no coming back from it.”
Some leopard sharks live in the deeper parts of the bay, while others come and go from the ocean through the Golden Gate. Every spring and into the early summer, they congregate in shallow bay waters to breed and give birth.
The Leopard Shark and Bat Ray Die-Off Project at iNaturalist has many photos of affected species.
There is also a way anyone who finds affected marine life can upload photos there.
IN LOOKING AT HUNDREDS OF PHOTOS AND READING MORE IN DEPTH ABOUT THIS, I DID NOT FIND MENTION OR PHOTOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE OF SOME THINGS THAT ARE QUITE SPECIFIC TO THIS PARTICULAR PROTOZOA.
I DON'T FIND ANY MENTION, EVEN, OF THE HIGHLIGHTED SYMPTOMS BELOW:
Dis Aquat Organ. 2009 Feb 12;83(2):133-43. doi: 10.3354/dao02017.
Pathogenicity of Miamiensis avidus (M. avidus, syn. Philasterides dicentrarchi), Pseudocohnilembus persalinus, Pseudocohnilembus hargisi and Uronema marinum (Ciliophora, Scuticociliatida).
M. avidus strain Mie0301 from the Mie prefecture in Japan caused 70% mortality by immersion infection with 4.4 x 10(3) ml(-1) in 30 to 40 g fish.
The predominant sign was severe abdominal distension in i.p.-injected fish, and extensive ulcer lesions in the skeletal muscle in immersion-infected fish.
Numerous ciliates were observed in the ascetic fluid, ulcers, haemorrhagic lesions, gills and brain of infected fish.
However, P. persalinus (strain SCL-A), P. hargisi (strain SCL-B) and U. marinum (strain JK3) showed less than 30% mortality from both i.p. and immersion challenges, with no ciliate invasion in the skin, gills or brain.
M. avidus-infected fish showed many ciliates in gills, fins, skin muscle, brain and intestine accompanied by necrosis and haemorrhages.
However, no histological changes were observed in P. persalinus-, P. hargisi- or U. marinum-infected fish.
EITHER WE WEREN'T TOLD ABOUT NECROPSIES FINDING SUCH SPECIFIC-TO-M. AVIDUS LESIONS, ETC, OR THEY DIDN'T EXIST, WHICH WOULD PERHAPS RULE OUT THIS PROTOZOA AS THE CAUSE OF THESE DEATHS.
THAT THE ONE DOING THE ON-SITE NECROPSIES AND DOING THEM AT HOME MADE NO MENTION OF THIS IS SURPRISING.
IN RESEARCHING HOW HUMANS ARE NOT AFFECTED BY THIS PROTOZOA WHEN WE ARE DEFINITELY SUSCEPTIBLE TO MANY OTHERS, I DON'T FIND MUCH DATA ON THAT.
In a research paper entitled, "Ranching of Southern Bluefin Tuna in Australia", found this:
Uronema nigricans, more recently identified as Miamiensis avidus (Nowak et al., 2013), is a scuticociliate parasite that causes fish mortality through “swimmers disease,” a disease causing SBFT to swim erratically with sharp head movements at the water’s surface. SBFT tend to be infected with this parasite when water temperatures are low. The reservoir(s) for this parasite is unknown.
USING THE OLDER NAME, I FOUND....
Brain of southern bluefin tuna showing presence of Uronema nigricans
Diseases of Tunas | Tuna | Infection - Scribd
Among tunas, this infection has only been reported in Paciﬁc blueﬁn tuna (Kawakami ... in young adult southern blueﬁn tuna caused by Uronema nigricans. ..... These parasites are of importance because they can potentially infect humans.
What Are Protozoa?
Protozoa are one of the three main classes of parasites that cause diseases in humans. They are single-celled organism, and can only be seen under a microscope. When they invade a human they are able to multiply easily, which causes them to be at a great advantage and puts humans at a disadvantage. This helps them survive in the human body and causes a serious infection even with the arrival of a single protozoon.
Infections caused by protozoa are contagious. Those protozoa that have inhabited the human intestine can be transmitted from one human to the other via the fecal-oral route, such as through sharing food the infected person has touched and through direct person to person contact. Protozoa living in the blood or tissue can be transmitted through a third source such as a mosquito. Infections are easily transmitted and persons carrying this parasite should avoid interactions with others, especially those with compromised and weakened immune systems.
There are four main groups of protozoa that cause infection in humans. They have been grouped according to how they move: the sarcodina (ameba), mastigophora (flagellates), ciliophora (ciliates) and the Sporozoa.
ONE 'MAJOR NEWS MEDIA', THE HUFFINGTON POST MADE NOTE OF THE DEAD SEA BIRDS.
Hundreds Of Dead Seabirds, Sea Lions Wash Up In Southern California ...
MAYBE, JUST MAYBE, THOSE SCIENTISTS SHOULD CONSIDER THIS?
Tsunami sent Japanese sea creatures to U.S. beaches, on plastics
Sept. 28, 2017 - Tsunami sent Japanese sea creatures to U.S. beaches, on plastics .... The fish, shellfish and crustaceans hitchhiked across the Pacific Ocean...
WHAT DID THEY BRING WITH THEM...BESIDES RADIATION?
“The Ocean is Dying”: Marine and Animal Life Die Offs
"Mass die-offs of certain animals has increased in frequency every year for seven decades, according to a new study.
Researchers found that such events, which can kill more than 90 per cent of a population, are increasing among birds, fish and marine invertebrates.
The reasons for the die-offs are diverse, with effects tied to humans such as environmental contamination accounting for about a fifth of them.
HOW THE HELL DO THEY KNOW WHAT KILLED THEM ALL?
NOBODY WANTS TO PAY FOR THOUSANDS OF NECROPSIES EVERY YEAR AND NOBODY ANYWHERE IN GOVERNMENT MUCH CARES.
IF IT'S A CHOICE OF PROFITS FOR WALL STREET OR A HEALTHY OCEAN, THE OCEAN LOSES.
While the following article is commendable, it in no way goes enough in-depth about chemicals, all manner of toxic waste, and nuclear power plant radiation leaks and intentional 'venting' into the ecosystem. All that adds up, too.
Cause and Effects of Ocean Dumping - Marine Insight
Sept. 4, 2017 - The article describes several effects and causes of ocean dumping ... Beaches covered with plastic wastes are not a rare scene these days. ... marine life affected by the debris are dolphins, sharks, turtles, crabs, and sea birds, among others.
IT'S JUST BEEN TOO MUCH CRAP DUMPED INTO OCEANS IN TOO SHORT A PERIOD OF TIME.
ONLY FAIRLY RECENTLY IN AMERICAN HISTORY IS IT ILLEGAL TO DUMP HUMAN WASTE AND KNOWN POISONS INTO BODIES OF WATER, BUT SOME COMPANIES CAN GET A WAIVER AND STILL DO SO TODAY.
SEE THIS: Toxic Waste Facts and Information - National Geographic
In 2015 it was reported that a massive die off of bottlenose dolphins in the Gulf of Mexico was DIRECTLY connected by researchers to BP’s Deep Water Horizon oil spill. Evidence was found in a third of the cases of lesions in the adrenal gland, an otherwise rare condition linked with petroleum exposure. More than a fifth of the dolphins also suffered bacterial pneumonia, causing deadly lung infection that is likewise rarely seen in dolphin populations.
YOU SEE, OUR GOVERNMENT KNOWS WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU DUMP CRAP INTO THE SEA, BUT THEY DON'T GIVE A DAMN.
AND IT'S GOOD WHEN CITIZENS DON'T GIVE A DAMN, EITHER.
DON'T WORRY, BE HAPPY, AND DON'T GIVE A DAMN.
THAT'S THE BOTTOM LINE.
Learn about Ocean Dumping | Ocean Dumping Management: U.S. EPA
Pollution of the Ocean by Sewage, Nutrients, and Chemicals
MAINSTREAM MEDIA ADMITTED IT AGAIN BACK IN 2011...
Nuclear Power Causes Cancer: What Industry Doesn’t Want You To Know
Now, after half a century of a large-scale experiment with nuclear power, the verdict is in: nuclear reactors cause cancer.
The claim that low doses of radiation are harmless has always been just a claim. It led to practices like routine diagnostic X-rays to the pelvis of pregnant women, until the work of the University of Oxford’s Dr. Alice Stewart found that these X-rays doubled the chance that the fetus would die of cancer as a child.
Many studies later, independent experts agreed that no dose is safe. A 2005 report by a blue-ribbon panel of the National Academy of Sciences reviewed hundreds of scientific articles, and concluded that there is no risk-free dose of radiation.
One study showed child cancer exceeded the national rate near 14 of 14 plants in the eastern U.S. Another showed that when U.S. nuclear plants closed, local infant deaths and child cancer cases plunged immediately after shutdown.
Other publications have shown rising levels of radioactive Strontium-90, emitted by reactors, in baby teeth of children living near reactors, which were closely linked with trends in childhood cancer rates.
The young aren’t the only ones affected by reactor emissions.
New evidence has examined adult rates of thyroid cancer, a disease especially sensitive to radiation. Thyroid cancer is the fastest-rising cancer in the U.S., nearly tripling since 1980.
This evidence proves that most U.S. counties with the highest thyroid cancer rates are within a 90-mile radius covering eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and southern New York.
This area has 16 nuclear reactors (13 still in operation) at 7 plants, the densest concentration of reactors in the U.S.
FROM CAPE COD TIMES:
MARCH 20, 2014
Expert: Cancer rates are high near Pilgrim nuke plant.
“In the first two years, we found an excess of leukemia in Plymouth and towns around Pilgrim,” he said. “There was a fourfold excess of leukemia in people who lived or worked near the plant.”
FROM THE U.K., A DOCUMENTARY WHICH STATED THAT " Cancer levels in women living close to a former nuclear power station are more than 15 times higher than the national average. "
Researchers focused on almost 1,000 people of all ages living in three communities close to the closed-down power plant.
The questionnaire asked about cancer within the targeted households during the 1996 to 2005 period.
The survey results are broadcast in the Y Byd ar Bedwar programme on S4C, the Welsh medium fourth channel in Wales and via Sky Channel 135.
"Trawsfynydd Lake covers almost 5 square km. It is artificial and the lake-bottom sediment down to a depth of 300 mm is known to be highly contaminated with a mean concentration of 4 million Becquerels per tonne of radioactivity.
"This is more than 10 times the concentration which under UK legislation is defined as Low Level Radioactive Waste requiring control."
Former environment minister Michael Meacher described the findings as a "sensational development".
In the programme he calls for a full independent inquiry into the findings.
MARINE ANIMALS DON'T ONLY LIVE CLOSE TO COASTAL NUCLEAR PLANTS, LIKE HUMANS WHO CAN MOVE ELSEWHERE, THEY LIVE IN THE WATER CONTAMINATED BY YEARS OF 'NUCLEAR TESTING' OF ATOMIC BOMBS, IN SEAS WHERE OLD NUCLEAR REACTORS AND OLD NUCLEAR SUBMARINES HAVE BEEN SUNKEN FOR DECADES, WHERE COUNTRIES LIKE FRANCE AND THE U.S. HAVE BEEN FOUND DUMPING NUCLEAR WASTE EVEN AFTER IT BECAME ILLEGAL TO DO SO.
IT'S CHEAPER TO DUMP IN THE OCEAN THAN PAY FOR WASTE TREATMENT AND BURIAL AND MONITORING FOR 10,000 YEARS OR MORE, AS TEPCO POINTED OUT TO THE JAPANESE OFFICIALS.
MARINE ANIMALS ARE IN THAT TOXIC MESS 24 HOURS A DAY, EVERY DAY, ALL THEIR LIVES.
WHERE DO YOU THINK THE WATER THAT CIRCULATES THROUGH A REACTOR'S FUEL RODS GOES, AND WHERE GOES THE 'VENTINGS' THAT ALL POWER PLANTS ARE ALLOWED?
LOOK AT FUKUSHIMA NUKE PLANT, DUMPING HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF TONS OF HIGHLY RADIOACTIVE WASTE INTO THE PACIFIC EVERY SINGLE DAY.
MARINE ANIMALS GET CANCER, TOO, FROM RADIATION, AS WAS DEMONSTRATED BY THE FEW NECROPSIES DONE ON BABY SEA LIONS LAST YEAR...ALL THAT WERE TESTED HAD LEUKEMIA.
I REPORTED THAT WHEN THE 'STUDY' WAS RELEASED, WHEN THEY STOPPED TESTING.
I POSTED PHOTOS OF SEVERAL MARINE SPECIES WITH LESIONS, TUMORS, WOUNDS THAT LOOK JUST LIKE RADIATION BURNS, INTERNAL ORGANS EATEN AWAY, TURNED INTO A SOUP, AND A COUPLE OF CANADIAN SCIENTISTS SAID IT LOOKED LIKE CANCER...THEN SILENCE.
EVERYONE IS WELCOME TO THEIR OWN BELIEFS ABOUT THIS.
MAYBE WHAT THE PRESS HAS BEEN TOLD, NOT TO SCARE THE PUBLIC, NOT TO PANIC THE MASSES WITH TRUTH AND FACTS IS CORRECT.
SOME WILL REACT WITH FEAR, SO MUCH FEAR THAT IT DEMANDS DENIAL.
I CHOOSE NOT TO FEAR BUT TO BE PROPERLY INFORMED.
I ALSO CHOOSE TO MAKE THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT:
'Global warming' cannot possibly be blamed for ALL of these deaths.
OF COURSE naturally occuring things happen to cause marine deaths.
MANKIND can be blamed for overuse and carelessness.
INDUSTRY can be blamed for greed, intentional destruction of the environment and all in it and negligence.
RADIATION can be blamed everywhere a nuclear reactor leaks, wherever one has been dumped into the sea as so many were up in the Arctic Circle.
POLLUTION at many levels can be blamed everywhere we use chemicals and deposit wastes.
This earth has seen warming AND cooling at various times since it all began, before mankind was around and since.
NOTHING of this current magnitude has swept away so many species in so short a time as these past 10-20 years.
We've used the oceans as our personal sewers and garbage cans for centuries.
Everything from human excrement to nuclear waste has been dumped in for so long that nothing that lives there can maintain a healthy balance much longer.
If humans spent more time in that filth, we'd all be dying, too!
Maybe that's a partial solution...make the CEOs of companies that dump into the oceans go live in the ocean, make those who are supposed to be "protecting" the environment and the natural world go with them.
Make all who see no reason to STOP dumping bathe in that water every day, remove JUST the salt and make them drink it. Rub it into their eyes, their skin, 24 hours a day every day.
After a very few months, MAYBE things would change as THEY begged to be rescued from it.
On October 2nd, 2017, Live Science published a story titled "Earth May Be Close To The Threshold Of Catastrophe" in which they warn a 6th 'mass extinction' may be inevitable. While they "partially" blame 'man-made global warming' , what they DON'T blame is constant, unending mass pollution of the sea, air and land with thousands of unnatural toxins.
While they claim that, by the year 2100, human beings might be gone from the face of the Earth, they fail to state the obvious...we've POISONED ourselves to death.
We've interrupted the food chain, we've created "dead pools" that no one who is knowingly guilty of contributing to would take even a week-long swim in.
Just as we wouldn't dive into a swimming pool that we saw even one young boy piss into, we wouldn't want to go live in the oceans we've destroyed.
And now it's spreading inland, more and more each day.
The earth has WARMED before, and it's COOLED before, yet marine life LIVED.
NOW, they just can't LIVE in the filth soup that is their home.
They can't live without the sea and we've made sure the sea isn't fit to live in.
May those who have knowingly poisoned our seas, our air, our land be damned to 10,000 hells.
As the lower animals go, so go we all.
it's a chain reaction and we're next.
Posted by Waninahi at 5:45 PM