YES, THESE ARE POLICE, NOT MILITARY.
"STAY INSIDE! DO NOT LOOK OUT YOUR WINDOWS!"
THEY'RE UNDER ASSAULT, BUT BLISSFULLY UNAWARE.
"The manner in which authorities hunted the second terrorist suspect in Boston following the attack on the marathon is troubling, if not Constitutionally suspect.Further militarization of police forces will only lead to more uses of such forces, which can only result in future constitutional violations."
NON-COMPLIANT WATERTOWN CITIZEN HAS ASSAULT WEAPON AIMED AT HER/HIM.
THEY SAID DON'T LOOK OUT YOUR WINDOW!
(SHOOTER IS SHOWN INSIDE RED CIRCLE)
WHY HAS LAW ENFORCEMENT BECOME MILITARIZED?
WHY DO WE NO LONGER HAVE THE ABSOLUTE PROTECTION OF EITHER LAW ENFORCEMENT OR MILITARY?
WHY HAVE THE TWO MERGED INTO ONE "WARRIOR" ENTITY THAT SEEMS PITTED AGAINST AMERICAN CITIZENS, THE 'AVERAGE GUY ON THE STREET", WE WHO ARE NOW SEEN AS POTENTIAL TERRORISTS ON THE VERGE OF CIVIL UPRISING?
THIS IS "JUST HOW IT IS", BUT LET IT COMFORT YOU, THOSE WHO MAY YET CLING TO LIBERTY AND CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS, AS YOU READ ABOUT THE MILITARIZATION OF OUR LOCAL POLICE, THAT WE OUTNUMBER THOSE WHO SEE US AS "TARGETS" FOR OPEN HOSTILITY.
THE DRIVE BY MANY OF OUR "ELECTEDS" TO SUBJECT US, TO DISARM US, TO BRING US UNDER THE BOOT CANNOT POSSIBLY WORK SO LONG AS WE, THE ARMED AND LEGAL 'MILITIA', THE TRUE "ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA", OUTNUMBER (BY ABOUT 20 TO 1) ALL THOSE WHOM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, THE 'CORPORATION OF AMERICA', HAS ARRAYED AGAINST US .
TAKE COMFORT IN NUMBERS, BUT LET HISTORY REMIND YOU HOW NUMBERS CAN PROVE USELESS, FOR, LIKE THE ORIGINAL INHABITANTS OF THIS CONTINENT WHEN THE SHIPS FIRST CAME, WE ARE THE MAJORITY, BUT WE ARE OUT-GUNNED.
WHAT MATCH IS A HUNTING RIFLE OR SHOTGUN AGAINST STATE OF THE ART WEAPONRY, TANKS, DRONES?
WE ARE RESTRICTED IN OUR PURCHASES OF WEAPONS AND OTHER MEANS OF DEFENSE WHILE OUR LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT IS SUBSIDIZED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AND THE PENTAGON TO ACQUIRE AND STOCKPILE 'BIGGER, BETTER'.
WE WILL NEVER BE ABLE TO PURCHASE THE LATEST TECHNOLOGY LIKE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES ARE SNAPPING UP, THE FINEST TOOLS FOR KILLING AND CONTROLLING, TO KEEP US ALL IN CHECK.
IF WE WERE SUDDENLY CALLED UPON TO "PROVIDE FOR THE COMMON DEFENCE", IF WE WERE TO HAVE TO STEP UP AS "MINUTEMEN" TO FACE AN INVADING FORCE, IF WE HAD TO FACE A SUDDEN BREAKDOWN OF SOCIETY AND HAD TO GUARD OUR OWN HOMES AND FAMILIES, WE'D SURELY BE NO MATCH FOR THE CRIMINAL ELEMENT WHO HAS BETTER WEAPONS, NOR FOR A POLICE FORCE TURNED ROGUE.
WE ARE CONSIDERED TOO ARMED, AND TOO DANGEROUS AS IT STANDS, AND EVEN A HUNTING RIFLE, A SHOTGUN IS CONSIDERED TOO MUCH FOR A SOVEREIGN CITIZEN TO OWN.
MAYBE THAT'S BECAUSE WE LOST OUR SOVEREIGNTY?
MAYBE WE WILL NEVER GET IT BACK, BUT WE MUST BE AWARE...
THE POLICE STATE ISN'T COMING, IT'S HERE!
WHERE DID IT BEGIN?
Martial Law was declared by President Abraham Lincoln on April 24th, 1863, with General Orders No. 100. By martial law authority, Congress and the President instituted continuous martial law by ordering the states (we, the people) to either conscribe troops and/or to provide money in support of the North, or be recognized as enemies of the nation.
As I have shown in my previous blog, we are still under Martial Law and THAT is what gives U.S. Presidents (with or without Congressional consent) the dictatorial authority to do anything that can be done by government. THAT is how the Constitution of the United States is circumscribed. THAT is how a 150-year-old conscription act remains in effect to this very day and THAT is the foundation of UNCONSTITUTIONAL 'Presidential Executive Orders'.
All of this was magnified in 1917 with The Trading with the Enemy Act (Public Law 65-91, 65th Congress, Session I, Chapters 105, 106, October 6, 1917). and again in 1933 with the Emergency War Powers Act, which is ratified and enhanced almost every year by a conspiratorial Congress which is complicit with the TREASON committed against SOVEREIGN AMERICAN CITIZENS each new day.
Taken together, these "Acts" have made the people of the United States ENEMIES OF THE 'CORPORATE STATE OF AMERICA'.
REMEMBER THE VIDEOS OF THOSE STANDING ON A BALCONY OF THE WALL STREET STOCK EXCHANGE THOSE FIRST FEW DAYS OF THE OCCUPY MOVEMENT, STANDING THERE SIPPING CHAMPAGNE, LAUGHING, TAUNTING THOSE BELOW WHO WERE BEING ARRESTED?
I'LL NEVER FORGET THAT.
THAT SHOWED ME WHO HAS THE 'PROTECTION' OF THE POLICE TODAY.
REMEMBER WHEN IT WAS DISCOVERED THAT WALL STREET AND FEDERAL AGENCIES HAD NETWORKED TOGETHER TO IDENTIFY THE PROTESTERS, TO TRACK THEM DOWN?
<<Newly obtained secret FBI documents show that the Feds treated the Occupy Movement as a criminal terrorist threat even though the movement rejected violence as a tactic, a fact that the FBI acknowledges in the files.>> http://consortiumnews.com/2012/12/31/how-fbi-monitored-occupy-movement/
AND THE PENTAGON ENCOURAGES THE MILITARIZATION.
The federal government, through programs established within the Pentagon and various agencies like the Department of Homeland Security, are either donating, funding or otherwise providing a sizable portion of this military-grade gear to local police who are then employing it for use more frequently to carry out routine police duties.
In 2011, a half-billion dollars of surplus military equipment went to police departments
the lines between the two [police and military is starting to blur."
Benjamin Carlson at The Daily reports on a little known endeavor called the “1033 Program” that gave more than $500 million of military gear to U.S. police forces in 2011 alone.
1033 was passed by Congress in 1997 to help law-enforcement fight terrorism and drugs, but despite a 40-year low in violent crime, police are STILL snapping up hardware like never before. While this year’s staggering take topped the charts, next year’s orders are up 400 percent over the same period.
After the Boston Marathon bombing, the local police locked-down about one million people in the Boston/Watertown area, forced residents to "remain indoors", went into the streets in full battle array, brought out the heaviest equipment they had to track down one 19-year-old man.
What really happened is they tested the waters, they tried the citizens in that area to see if they would ACCEPT door-to-door searches, lock-down, facing the barrels of automatic weapons, submitting to search and "pat-downs", being rounded up and herded.
And they found out what they wanted to know...
YES, YES, citizens will SUBMIT, will OBEY without question or dissent.
YES, WE ARE RIPE FOR THE PICKING, YES!
THE POLICE SAID, "STAY INSIDE!" AND PEOPLE COMPLIED!
THEY SAID, "DO NOT LOOK OUT YOUR WINDOWS!" AND THOSE WHO DID SAW LOADED ASSAULT WEAPONS TRAINED ON THEIR WINDOWS, ON THEM!
In what looked like a military sweep into hostile territory, police marched up and down American streets like an ARMY.
And Americans barely protested, hardly offered any resistance at all to being IMPRISONED IN THEIR OWN HOMES.
HAD THE 'SUSPECT', THE LONE SUSPECT, THE ONE YOUNG MAN NOT BEEN FOUND, HOW LONG WOULD AMERICANS HAVE BEEN POLICE HOSTAGES?
HOW LONG WOULD UNITED STATES CITIZENS HAVE COWERED AND COMPLIED?
THE SAME THING HAPPENED, BASICALLY, DURING HURRICANE KATRINA, DURING HURRICANE SANDY.
ISN'T IT OBVIOUS TO YOU THAT THESE WERE MERELY "EXERCISES" TO SEE IF WE WOULD COMPLY, TO SEE HOW FAR MARTIAL LAW COULD GO, TO GET US ALL USED TO THE POLICE STATE?
BOTH MILITARY AND LOCAL POLICE WORKED TOGETHER IN NEW ORLEANS.
OPERATION URBAN SHIELD LIKELY CAME TO YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD AT SOME TIME DURING THE PAST YEAR OR TWO...OR SEVEN, YES URBAN SHIELD HAS BEEN UP AND RUNNING FOR AT LEAST 7 YEARS, SINCE 2006...THAT WE KNOW OF.
COLUMNS OF ARMORED VEHICLES, HELICOPTERS OVERHEAD, ARMED RIOT POLICE AND MILITARY WALKING DOWN STREETS OF EVERY MAJOR CITY IN AMERICA, RAPPELLING FROM BUILDINGS, "ARRESTING" SOME, CREATING 'SCENARIOS' WHERE CITIZENS HAVE TO BE 'EVACUATED', FAKE BOMBINGS, 'DISASTERS'.
HAS ANY OF THAT MADE OUR LAW ENFORCEMENT BETTER AT THEIR JOBS?
OR HAS IT CREATED A MONSTER?
URBAN SHIELD.... HOW LAW ENFORCEMENT LOVES IT, JUST LOOK AT HOW IT'S GLORIFIED...
NOTICE THE PHRASE "ADRENALINE RUSH" ...REALLY?
MAYBE FOR L.E.O.s (law enforcement officers) IT'S AN "ADRENALINE RUSH" AND FEELS REALLY GOOD, BUT NOT SO MUCH FOR THE REST OF US.
PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH GAVE US PROGRAMS OR "OPERATIONS" LIKE URBAN SHIELD IN 2005, WITH HIS "PRESIDENTIAL DIRECTIVE #8", FOUND IN ITS ENTIRETY HERE http://www.ncrhomelandsecurity.org/ncr/downloads/NationalPreparednessGuidance.pdf
BUSH'S little "directive" provided the framework to create the 'Urban Security Areas Initiative' (USAI) dedicated to "support for high-threat, high-density urban areas to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from threats or acts of terrorism."
As an agency within FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency), USAI is funded by ...who else?...the Department of Homeland Security, good old DHS.
Thanks, Bush2, that's nice...as if the Patriot Act didn't imprint your boot on all our faces...
WHY THE SUDDEN NEED TO DERIDE THE AMERICAN CITIZENS AND GLORIFY THE "SECURITY AGENCIES", THE FBI, THE CIA, AND LOCAL L.E.O.s?
LET US REMEMBER, AND NEVER FORGET...IT WAS A CITIZEN, NOT A "WELL-TRAINED POLICE FORCE" WHO LOCATED THAT 19-YEAR-OLD TERRORIST AFTER HE'D ELUDED EVERYONE ELSE FOR OVER 24 HOURS...A CITIZEN FOUND HIM.
IT WAS CITIZENS WHO "CAUGHT" OTHER TERRORISTS, LIKE THE PHOTO SHOP CLERK WHO FOILED SIX ISLAMIC RADICALS AND STOPPED AN ATTACK ON FORT DIX, PASSENGERS/CITIZENS WHO JUMPED THAT "UNDERWEAR BOMBER" FROM NIGERIA, OTHER PASSENGERS/CITIZENS WHO SUBDUED THAT "SHOE BOMBER" BETWEEN PARIS AND MIAMI, THE TWO STREET VENDORS, CITIZENS, WHO DISCOVERED THE TIMES SQUARE BOMBERS ATTEMPT, CITIZENS ALL...CITIZENS, NOT POLICE, NOT FEDERAL AGENTS, JUST CITIZENS!
THE COUNT FOR ULTRA-SURVEILLANCE STOPPING SUCH THINGS?
ZERO, NONE, ZIP!
WE CAN TAKE CARE OF OUR OWN PRIVATE AND LOCAL "HOMELANDS" IF ATTACKED, THANKS, AND HAVE FOR HUNDREDS OF YEARS.
WE ARE QUITE CAPABLE OF "EMERGENCY RESPONSE" BECAUSE MOST OF US LEARNED TO BE WATCHFUL AND PREPARED AS WE GREW UP.
IT DOESN'T TAKE A ROCKET SCIENTIST NOR A STORM TROOPER TO HANDLE A BAD SITUATION, BUT A WEAPON, WHEN WE KNOW WE'RE FACING CRIMINALS WITH WEAPONS, WOULD HELP US PROTECT THE "HOMELAND", OUR HOMES, OUR LANDS, A LITTLE BETTER, YES?
URBAN SHIELD...ALAMEDA COUNTY SHERIFF, GREGG AHERN , WHO IS SO IN LOVE WITH URBAN SHIELD AND DRONES THAT HE ALMOST SWALLOWS HIS TONGUE WHEN SPEAKING OF EITHER, TOUTS THE 'PROGRAM' AS A FANTASTIC OPPORTUNITY TO TRAIN FOR TERRORIST ATTACKS.
BELOW IS ONE OF THE VIDEOS PRODUCED BY/WITH HIS "DEDICATED STAFF'S" FULL COOPERATION (AND ABSOLUTE GLEE).
NOTICE HOW THEY REMIND AMERICANS ABOUT THAT TERRIFYING DAY, 09/11/01...
FEAR, FEAR, BE AFRAID!!!!
THE TERRORISTS ARE COMING, STILL COMING, ALMOST HERE!
THEN...BAM!...WE SEE THEM "TRAINING"!
THEY'RE MERELY PRACTICING, PEOPLE, PRACTICING FOR THE DAY IT'S YOU AND ME THEY HAVE TO DEAL WITH.
THE MUSIC, THE DRAMA, BUT MOST OF ALL, THE FEAR IT TRIES TO INVOKE.
SHOCK AND AWE, RIGHT?
ARE YOU IMPRESSED?
PARAMILITARY TRAINING...WE HAVE LAWS AGAINST THAT...BUT JUST FOR US WHO ARE "NORMAL CITIZENS", IT'S A NO FOR US!
Prohibiting of paramilitary training - 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5515
SINCE 1982, PARAMILITARY TRAINING IS A HUGE NO-NO.
WHO KNEW, RIGHT?
REALLY READ THIS CAREFULLY, PLEASE.
(b) Prohibited training.--
(1) Whoever teaches or demonstrates to any other person
the use, application or making of any firearm, explosive or
death to persons, knowing or having reason to know or
incendiary device or technique capable of causing injury or
intending that same will be unlawfully employed for use in,
(2) Whoever assembles with one or more persons for the
or in furtherance of, a civil disorder commits a misdemeanor
of the first degree.
purpose of training with, practicing with or being instructed
person intending to employ unlawfully the same for use in or
in the use of any firearm, explosive or incendiary device or
technique capable of causing injury or death to persons, said
in furtherance of a civil disorder commits a misdemeanor of
the first degree.
(c) Exemptions.--Nothing contained in this section shall
make unlawful any act of any law enforcement officer which is
performed in the lawful performance of his official duties.
(d) Excluded activities.--Nothing contained in this section
shall make unlawful any activity of the Game Commission, Fish
and Boat Commission, or any law enforcement agency, or any
teach the safe handling or use of firearms, archery equipment or
hunting club, rifle club, rifle range, pistol range, shooting
range or other program or individual instruction intended to
sports or other lawful activities.
other weapons or techniques employed in connection with lawful activities.
(June 11, 1982, P.L.476, No.138, eff. 180 days; Mar. 19, 1992,
P.L.18, No.7, eff. imd.)
FEEL FREE TO GO HAVE A READ OF THAT GEM IN ITS ENTIRETY:
AMERICA CAN SEND "ADVISERS" TO FOREIGN NATIONS TO TRAIN THEM IN KILLING, PROVIDE THEM WITH WEAPONS TO DO SO, ALL IN THE NAME OF HELPING THEM WIN THEIR FREEDOM OR PROTECT THEIR HOMES AND LIVES, BUT J.Q. AMERICAN CITIZEN HAD BLOODY WELL NOT GET IT IN HIS HEAD THAT HE CAN OR SHOULD BE TRAINED TO PROTECT HIS HOME, HIS LIFE, HIS FAMILY, HIS LAND.
LET THAT SINK IN.
WHAT, OH WHAT, IS THE BIG DIFFERENCE BETWEEN US NEEDING TO PROTECT AND DEFEND HERE IN AMERICA, AND SOME SYRIAN, OR SOME EGYPTIAN, OR SOME LIBYAN OR JORDANIAN GETTING ALL THE HELP THEY WANT TO DO THE SAME IN THEIR LANDS?
IT JUST DOES NOT "COMPUTE", DOES IT?
WE SEND THEM FIGHTER JETS AND MISSILE SYSTEMS WHILE, RIGHT HERE IN AMERICA, WE CAN GET OUR HEADS BASHED IN FOR OWNING A HANDGUN!
BACK TO OUR PROBLEM ...THE BLURRING OF THE LINE BETWEEN MILITARY AND POLICE, THE CREATION OF A WARRIOR-AGAINST-FOE MENTALITY WHEREBY WE ARE THE FOE...
An Oakland Tribune reporter recently wrote:
"War on terror money funding drones, surveillance in the Bay Area"
HERE'S THAT LINK:
<<The drone requests slipped by even the staunchest opponents because they would have been paid for with federal funds channeled to cities the Department of Homeland Security considers at high risk for a terror attack. In this case, the money [for a drone for the San Mateo County's Office of Emergency Services] came from a $26 million Urban Areas Security Initiative grant meant to help local law enforcement expand arsenals of anti-terrorism combat and surveillance equipment assembled since 9/11:
night vision goggles, remote robots, surveillance cameras, license plate readers and armored vehicles that amount to unarmed tanks.
Seven years ago San Jose police Chief Joseph McNamara publicized the trend to militarized police, becoming one of the first to sound the alarm and to relate his discomfort with the trend.
“Simply put, the police culture in our country has changed,” he wrote in an article for The Wall Street Journal. “An emphasis on ‘officer safety’ and paramilitary training pervades today’s policing in contrast to the older culture, which held that cops didn’t shoot until they were about to be shot or stabbed.”
The problem is being exacerbated by some top civilian law enforcement officials, like Alameda County, California, Sheriff Greg Ahern. Training for his deputies includes the annual “Urban Shield” exercise, a county readiness event that very much resembles a military training evolution.
San Mateo's requests also included a license plate reader to be mounted along U.S. 101 to feed information to a massive database at the Northern California Regional Intelligence Center, commonly known as a fusion center. San Mateo County also requested a system to destroy improvised explosive devices, better known as IEDs, from their use by insurgents in Iraq.>>
DRONES....DRONES TO DO WHAT?
DRONES TO WATCH WHOM?
DRONES TO STRIKE...WHERE?
IF YOU MISSED MY BLOG ON THAT, YOU MAY WANT TO READ A BIT OF IT NOW.
ALMOST EVERY STATE IN THE UNION IS JUMPING ON THE DRONE BANDWAGON!
SOME REFER TO THEM AS "UAVs", "UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES", BUT THEY'RE DRONES!
WHEN DID IT ALL CHANGE?
WHEN DID WE LOSE THE "GOOD COP" WE COUNTED ON?
<<American police forces have undergone some substantial changes. Most notable among these is the ascent of the SWAT team. Once limited to large cities and reserved for emergency situations like hostage takings, active shooters, or escaped fugitives, SWAT teams today are primarily used to serve warrants on people suspected of nonviolent, consensual drug crimes.
The numbers are staggering.
In the early 1980s, there were about 3,000 SWAT "call-outs" per year across the entire country. By 2005, there were an estimated 50,000. In New York City alone, there were 1,447 drug raids 1994. By 2002, eight years later, there were 5,117 -- a 350 percent increase. In 1984, about a fourth of towns between 25,000-50,000 people had a SWAT team. By 2005, it was 80 percent.
Today, the use of this sort of force is in too many jurisdictions the first option for serving search warrants instead of the last. SWAT teams today are used to break up poker games and massage parlors, for immigration enforcement, even to perform regulatory inspections.
Troubling as all of this is, the problem goes beyond SWAT teams. Too many police departments today are infused with a more general militaristic culture. Cops today are too often told that they're soldiers fighting a war, be it a war on crime, on drugs, on terrorism, or whatever other recent gremlin politicians have chosen as the enemy. Cops today tend to be isolated from the communities they serve, both physically (by their patrol cars) and psychologically, by an us and them mentality that sees the public not as citizens police officers are to serve and protect, but as a collection of potential threats.>>
[From an article titled "Too Many Cops Are Told They’re Soldiers Fighting a War. How Did We Get Here?" by Radley Balko, senior writer, investigative reporter, Huffington Post , and author of the new book, RISE OF THE WARRIOR COP : The Militarization of America's Police Forces.]
2013...U.S. JUDICIAL SYSTEM STEPS UP TO KNOCK DOWN "INALIENABLE RIGHTS".THE SUPREME COURT HAS RULED REMAINING SILENT CAN CONVICT YOU.
The case is Salinas v. Texas, 12-246.
[SEE: http://havacuppahemlock1.blogspot.com/2013/06/premiranda-silence-used-against-you.html ]
The Supreme Court says prosecutors can use a person's silence against them if it comes before he's told of his right to remain silent.
The 5-4 ruling comes in the case of Genovevo Salinas, who was convicted of a 1992 murder. During police questioning, and before he was arrested or read his Miranda rights, Salinas answered some questions but did not answer when asked if a shotgun he had access to would match up with the murder weapon.
Prosecutors in Texas used his silence on that question in convicting him of murder, saying it helped demonstrate his guilt. Salinas appealed, saying his Fifth Amendment rights to stay silent should have kept lawyers from using his silence against him in court. Texas courts disagreed, saying pre-Miranda silence is not protected by the Constitution.
The high court upheld that decision.
I HAVE TO WONDER IF TODAY'S "SUPREME COURT" WOULD RECOGNIZE THE ORIGINAL/ORGANIC U.S. CONSTITUTION IF IT SLAPPED THEM IN THE FACE.
I DON'T KNOW, NOR DO I CARE, HONESTLY, HOW YOU FELT ABOUT HOW THE POLICE BEHAVED DURING THE STUDENT PROTESTS OR OCCUPY WALL STREET PROTESTS, BUT I HAD TO ASK MYSELF, WHAT DID THESE PEOPLE DO TO WARRANT BEATINGS, OR ANYTHING ELSE WE SEE GOING ON IN THIS VIDEO...DOESN'T THE CONSTITUTION GUARANTEE US THE RIGHT TO PROTEST, TO SPEAK OUT AGAINST WHATEVER WE CHOOSE TO SPEAK AGAINST, THE RIGHT TO ASSEMBLE?
WHAT DID THESE PEOPLE DO THAT PROVOKED ATTACK?
WHAT HAPPENED TO 'CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE' BEING EXPECTED OF TRUE PATRIOTS WHEN FACED WITH UNJUST LAWS OR TYRANNY?
WATCHING THE POLICE RESPONSE TO STUDENTS AND 'OWS' GROUPS ACROSS THE NATION BROUGHT BACK SOME VERY BAD MEMORIES OF THE 1960s.
THE WAY "CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES" (CPS) USES SWAT TEAMS TO TAKE CHILDREN FROM PARENTS...DOES THAT BOTHER YOU?
WHAT HAPPENED TO "PROTECT AND SERVE"?
WHAT HAS HAPPENED TO US?
HAVE WE SIMPLY COME TO ACCEPT POLICE AS "WARRIORS", IN A WAR WITH CITIZENS, AS MILITARIZED POLICE WITH BODY ARMOR, DRONES, TANKS, ASSAULT WEAPONS, "CROWD DISRUPTORS"...?
THE NOVEL 1984...AND 2013...NOT MUCH DIFFERENCE IS THERE?