ONCE UPON A TIME, THE CDC INCLUDED ON ITS OWN WEBSITE THE FACT THAT SV40 HAS BEEN FOUND IN SEVERAL HUMAN CANCERS.
THERE IS ARCHIVED PROOF OF THAT AS A CAPTURED SCREENSHOT <HERE>.
IN JULY, 2013, THE REFERENCE TO THE LINK BETWEEN SV40 AND CANCER WAS PUBLICLY AVAILABLE.
THE CDC THEN REMOVED THAT INFORMATION.
IT BECAUSE THE MAJOR STUDY USED TO DENY THE LINK IS NOW KNOWN TO HAVE
BEEN FLAWED, THAT ONE OF THE RESEARCHERS INVOLVED IN THAT STUDY ADMITTED
IN SWORN TESTIMONY THAT IT HAD "SEVERAL PROBLEMS"?
WHATEVER THE REASON, IT SEEMS INVALID, AND IT SEEMS ESPECIALLY INHUMANE TO DELETE SUCH INFORMATION.
THE REFERENCE TO A POSSIBLE LINK BETWEEN SV40 AND HUMAN CANCER CAN
NEVER CHANGE THE FACT THAT SUCH A LINK HAS BEEN FOUND, OVER AND OVER
"Cancer has risen exponentially since the 1960s, and by
2002 there were 61 reports from 49 different laboratories across the
world suggesting an increased incidence of certain cancers caused by
The British journal The Lancet revealed SV40 WAS responsible for over 25,000 cases of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma each year.
By 2003, 60 more labs had been identified which demonstrated a connection to the SV40 virus and cancer.
ARE THERE OTHER KNOWN CARCINOGENS IN VACCINES?
ABSOLUTELY, AND WE WILL DISCUSS THIS LIST BELOW AT THE TRIPLE ASTERISKS ***.
OR NOT TO VACCINATE SHOULD BE, MUST BE, EVERY INDIVIDUAL'S FREE-WILL
CERTAINLY, IF WE HAVE LEARNED ANYTHING, IT IS THAT NOT
EVERYTHING ON EARTH IS EITHER BAD FOR OR GOOD FOR ALL. SOME THINGS ARE
BAD FOR SOME WHILE, TO OTHERS, THE SAME SUBSTANCE IS A' BLESSING'.
AS FAR AS VACCINES GO, SOME CAN MOST ASSUREDLY RECEIVE VACCINES
WITH NO ADVERSE EFFECTS, WHILE FOR OTHERS ONE INJECTION KILLS, OR
CAUSES SUCH DAMAGE THAT THE BODY CANNOT RECOVER FROM IT ENTIRELY.
A FEW PROBLEMS WITH THE OLD "VACCINES ARE NECESSARY FOR ALL AND ALL
MUST HAVE THEM" MENTALITY CAN BE SEEN BY ANYONE WHO WISHES TO SEE.
ONE MUST SIMPLY UNDERSTAND THAT NO TWO HUMAN SYSTEMS REACT EXACTLY THE SAME.
FIRST AND FOREMOST, TO ME, IS THE PROVEN FACT THAT ALL KNOWN
INFORMATION REGARDING ADVERSE EFFECTS OF VACCINES IS SELDOM REVEALED BY THOSE WHO MANUFACTURE OR DELIVER VACCINES TO PATIENTS.
AS DISCUSSED PREVIOUSLY HERE, PACKAGE INSERTS FOR VACCINES ARE NOT SHOWN TO PATIENTS.
TOO OFTEN FAIL TO ISSUE EVEN THE PRINTED WARNINGS OR CAUTIONS CLEARLY
INDICATED BY THE PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES THAT CREATE THESE VACCINES.
MEANS THAT FEW PATIENTS ARE ACTUALLY ABLE TO MAKE FULLY INFORMED
DECISIONS, ARE NOT ABLE TO WEIGH ALL RISKS IN ORDER TO MAKE THE
JUDGEMENT CALL WHETHER OR NOT TO VACCINATE.
PERHAPS AN EVEN
BIGGER PROBLEM WITH DECISIONS TO VACCINATE IS THAT VACCINES ARE GIVEN TO
PREGNANT MOTHERS-TO-BE AND THEN TO NEWBORN INFANTS WHOSE IMMUNE SYSTEMS
ARE UNPROVEN, SO THAT WE CANNOT POSSIBLY KNOW HOW THEIR BODIES WILL
RESPOND TO VACCINES, WHETHER IN UTERO AFTER THE MOTHER IS VACCINATED, OR
IN THE FIRST DAYS AFTER BIRTH.
THIS IS A GAMBLE, AN UNNECESSARY ONE
AND ONE WHICH CAN AND HAS CAUSED FAR TOO MANY DEVOTED, LOVING PARENTS
MUCH GRIEF WHEN THEIR NEWBORNS RESPOND WITH ANAPHYLAXIS OR OTHER
SERIOUS, KNOWN SIDE EFFECTS THAT DAMAGE THE CHILD FOR LIFE.
CASE IN POINT, THE FIRST POLIO VACCINES THAT MILLIONS OF US NOW-OLDER ADULTS RECEIVED AS CHILDREN.
VACCINE HAD A KNOWN CONTAMINANT IN IT WHICH THE PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY
WHICH MANUFACTURED IT CHOSE NOT TO REVEAL TO THE PUBLIC, BUT WHICH WAS
EVENTUALLY DISCLOSED...AFTER IT WAS TOO LATE.
ONCE A VACCINE IS ADMINISTERED, NO ONE CAN REVERSE IT, "TAKE IT BACK".
WHAT'S DONE IS DONE.
TEA ROOM IS WEARY OF SEEING THE MYTH THAT THE SV40 CONTAMINANT KNOWN TO
HAVE BEEN IN THE EARLIEST 'INACTIVATED' INJECTABLE AND LIVE VIRUS ORAL VACCINES
NEVER CAUSED CANCERS.
WHAT FOLLOWS IS, PERHAPS, 'NEW NEWS' FOR
MANY READERS, BUT OLD NEWS TO THOSE MILLIONS OF US WHOSE CANCEROUS
TUMORS DID INDEED SHOW POSITIVE FOR THAT SV40 "MARKER".
several studies have reported the detection of DNA from simian virus 40
(SV40), a macaque polyomavirus, in tumor tissues obtained from
non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients.
SV40 accidentally contaminated poliovirus vaccines administered to millions of individuals in 1955–1962.
A link between SV40 and NHL is biologically plausible because SV40 causes hematological malignancies in laboratory rodents."
WELL, WE'VE KNOWN THAT FOR DECADES.
CAN WE SEE PROOF IN HUMANS?
YES, YES WE CAN.
Cancer risk associated with simian virus 40 contaminated polio vaccine.
presence of SV40 in monkey cell cultures used in the preparation of the
polio vaccine from 1955 through 1961 is well documented.
have consistently demonstrated the oncogenic behavior of SV40 in animal
models. Early epidemiologic studies were inadequate in demonstrating an
increase in cancer incidence associated with contaminated vaccine.
investigators have provided persuasive evidence that SV40 is present in
human ependymomas, choroid plexus tumors, bone tumors, and
mesotheliomas, however, the etiologic role of the virus in tumorigenesis
has not been established.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
data from SEER, we analyzed the incidence of brain tumors, bone tumors,
and mesotheliomas from 1973-1993 and the possible relationship of these
tumors with the administration of the SV40 contaminated vaccine.
analysis indicates increased rates of ependymomas (37%), osteogenic
sarcomas (26%), other bone tumors (34%) and mesothelioma (90%) among
those in the exposed as compared to the unexposed birth cohort.
data suggest that there may be an increased incidence of certain
cancers among the 98 million persons exposed to contaminated polio
vaccine in the U.S.; further investigations are clearly justified."
CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE, 2003
Simian virus 40 (SV40) has been detected in human tumors in over 40 different laboratories.
Many of these reports linked SV40 to human mesotheliomas.
Concerning SV40, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concluded that
(1) 'the evidence is strong that SV40 is a transforming virus;
the evidence is of moderate strength that SV40 exposure could lead to
cancer in humans under natural conditions' (IOM, 2002).
conclusions were reached at an International consensus meeting on SV40
and human tumors held at the University of Chicago in 2001.
Klein and C Croce, who chaired the final panel that reviewed all the
published evidence linking SV40 to human tumors, stated that 'the
presence of SV40 in human tumors has been convincingly demonstrated'
(Klein et al., 2002).
In addition, a workshop organized by the
Biological Carcinogenesis Branch of the National Cancer Institute,
Bethesda, MD, chaired by J Pagano, has reached similar conclusions (Wong
et al., 2002).
Therefore, three independent scientific panels
have all agreed that there is compelling evidence that SV40 is present
in some human cancers and that SV40 could contribute to the pathogenesis
of some of them.
It should be noted that the presence of SV40 in
mesothelioma and other human tumor types has been challenged by a
research team that has consistently reported negative findings
(Strickler et al., 2001).
However, a member of this research
team has recently acknowledged - in sworn testimony - sensitivity
problems and possible irregularities that raise concerns about these
negative reports (MacLachlan, 2002).
These revelations, together
with the conclusions of the three independent panels mentioned above,
appear to bring to an end the apparent controversy about the presence of
SV40 in human mesotheliomas and brain tumors."
FOR THE STUDIES ON EACH OF THE BELOW, SIMPLY CLICK ON THE NUMBER ASSIGNED TO EACH.
SV40 DETECTED IN NUMEROUS HUMAN CANCERS
DNA sequences have been recovered not only from the suspect cancers but
at low frequencies from TEN other cancers 46 and from bladder tumors.30
Others have reported SV40 DNA sequences in thyroid nodules, 57 in hepatocellular carcinoma 58 and in genital tract tumors.59
NOW, EVEN ALL THAT MAY NOT SEEM PROOF ENOUGH TO MANY THAT THE OLD POLIO VACCINES WERE, CAN BE, HAVE BEEN FOUND TO BE DANGEROUS.
FOR THOSE, ALLOW ME TO PRESENT AN ANALOGY, A HYPOTHETICAL EXPERIMENT:
IMAGINE THAT I HAVE A PISTOL AND THAT PISTOL CONTAINS AN AMAZINGLY HUGE
NUMBER OF 1,000 CHAMBERS INTO WHICH A BULLET MAY BE PLACED.
YOU CAN SEE THE MANY CHAMBERS ON THE CYLINDER.
WHAT YOU CANNOT SEE, WHAT I DO NOT TELL YOU, IS INTO HOW MANY OF THOSE CHAMBERS I HAVE PLACED A BULLET.
I ASK YOU TO "TRUST ME" AND JUST PLACE THE BARREL OF THAT PISTOL AGAINST YOUR OR YOUR CHILD'S TEMPLE AND SQUEEZE THE TRIGGER.
WILL YOU TRUST ME THAT NO HARM WILL COME TO YOU OR YOUR CHILD?
EVEN IF I WERE YOUR CLOSEST AND MOST TRUSTED FRIEND, WOULD YOU PULL THAT TRIGGER?
WHAT IF I TOLD YOU THERE WAS ONE ROUND IN THAT WEAPON, BUT IT WAS A BLANK, HARMLESS?
IS BASICALLY WHAT WE EACH DO WHEN WE ACCEPT ANY SUBSTANCE INTO OUR
FRAGILE HUMAN BODIES WITHOUT KNOWING ALL THE POSSIBLE WAYS THAT CAN
IN THE ABOVE HYPOTHETICAL SITUATION, HOW MANY WOULD REALLY PULL THE TRIGGER?
MANY WOULD DO SO IF YOU WERE ALLOWED TO EXAMINE THE WEAPON YOURSELF AND
SAW IT CONTAINED ONE BULLET, BUT THEN HAD TO SPIN THAT CYLINDER AFTER
YOU SAW THE ONE BEFORE YOU SQUEEZED THE TRIGGER?
IS THIS MERELY PARANOIA ON THE PART OF THOSE WHO REQUIRE 100% PROOF THAT VACCINES ARE SAFE?
WOULD YOU FEEL YOU WERE PARANOID IF YOU DEMANDED TO EXAMINE THAT WEAPON AND THEN DECIDED NOT TO FIRE IT?
THE ABOVE EXAMPLE, WE CANNOT POSSIBLY KNOW WHETHER OR NOT A YEAR, 10
YEARS, 20 YEARS OR MORE MAY PASS AND THEN ONE DAY EVIDENCE WILL COME TO
LIGHT THAT CONFIRMS OUR DOUBTS ABOUT THE SAFETY OF "ALL" VACCINES.
EVEN ONE VACCINE BE SHOWN TO CAUSE SOME FATAL REACTION, SOME
DEBILITATING COMPLICATION WHICH THE MANUFACTURER WAS AWARE OF BUT CHOSE
NOT TO REVEAL?
THAT HAS HAPPENED BEFORE.
MERCK HID RESULTS FOR QUITE SOME TIME ABOUT SV40.
A RECENT WHISTLEBLOWER JUST INFORMED THE U.S. CONGRESS THAT THE CDC HID EVIDENCE OF A LINK BETWEEN AUTISM AND THE MMR VACCINE.
HERE IS SOMETHING ELSE TO THINK ABOUT. DIRECTLY BELOW IS WHAT WE'RE TOLD TO BELIEVE :
RISK OF ANAPHYLAXIS AFTER VACCINATION OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
We identified 5 cases of potentially vaccine-associated anaphylaxis
after administration of 7, 644, 049 vaccine doses, for a risk of 0.65
cases/million doses (95% confidence interval: 0.21–1.53).
None of the episodes resulted in death.
that were administered before the anaphylactic episodes were generally
given in combination and included measles-mumps-rubella, hepatitis B,
diphtheria-tetanus, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae
type b, and oral polio vaccine.
One case of anaphylaxis followed measles-mumps-rubella vaccine alone.
the site at which we reviewed additional allergy codes, we identified 1
case after 653 990 vaccine doses, for a risk of 1.53 cases/million
doses (95% confidence interval: 0.04–8.52).
and health care providers can be reassured that vaccine-associated
anaphylaxis is a rare event. Nevertheless, providers should be prepared
to provide immediate medical treatment should it occur."
IS THAT COMFORTING TO ALL?
ONE CHANCE IN A MILLION?
CLEVELAND CLINIC, FOR ONE, DISAGREES.
SEEMS ANAPHYLAXIS IS NOT ALWAYS PROPERLY DIAGNOSED, NOT ALWAYS REPORTED, AND IS SOMETIMES MISCODED.
is a serious allergic reaction that has a rapid onset and can cause
death.1,2 In the past, the term anaphylactic reaction referred to
symptoms triggered by immunoglobulin (Ig) E–dependent activation of
immune effector cells, whereas anaphylactoid reactions were clinically
similar to anaphylactic reactions but were not mediated by
antigen-specific IgE. Although some experts have advocated that the term
anaphylactoid be eliminated, other influential clinical practice
guidelines consensus documents continue to use the term anaphylactoid –
thus, anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions will be discussed as a
single entity in this chapter. 2
Published incidence and
prevalence data are likely inaccurate because anaphylaxis is
underdiagnosed, underreported, and miscoded. 3,4
Some of the most
recent data suggests that the incidence is approximately 50 to 200
episodes per 100,000 person-years with a lifetime prevalence ranging
between 0.05% and 2%. 5
It is estimated that up to 1,500 fatalities are caused by anaphylaxis per year in the United States. 6
the incidence and prevalence of anaphylaxis have been increasing, with a
disproportionate increase in cases seen in children and younger
With children especially a fivefold increase in
hospital admissions for food-associated anaphylaxis has been noted over
the past decade. 8
Risk factors affecting the incidence of anaphylaxis have been identified.
TRIGGERS OF ANAPHYLAXIS
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Monoclonal antibodies, including biologics such as cetuximab and omalizumab
is a common medical condition affecting both adult and pediatric
patients and its incidence and prevalence continue to increase,
especially in younger people.
IN "FORENSIC PATHOLOGY REVIEWS,
VOLUME 3", EVIDENCE EXISTS THAT SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME, IN SOME
CASES, WAS A RESULT OF ANAPHYLAXIS FOLLOWING VACCINES.
CITED STUDIES INCLUDED <THIS ONE>:
THERE ARE MANY OTHERS, SUPPRESSED AS THEY MAY BE:
Crib deaths nearly disappeared in Japan in 1975 when first inoculations were postponed until the 24th month of life.
The "insult" leading to crib deaths Kalokerinos found, was an inoculation.
SIDs increased alarmingly after a “routine” immunization campaign.
Death was common if a baby was inoculated during or soon after an illness, while scorbutic or sub-scorbutic.
Connaught Labs’ 1986 DTP vaccine insert reads, “Sudden infant death has occurred in infants following administration”.
Torch, at the University of Nevada School of Medicine, noted that in
one survey two-thirds of 103 American children who had suddenly died had
been given DTP (diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis) vaccine within 3 weeks of
Many died within 1 day of the procedure.
during a vaccination campaign in Tennessee there were 8 SIDs immediately
following routine DPT vaccination. Of this group, 5 children died within 1 day of vaccination”.
A study that same year at UCLA,
sponsored by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, indicated that, in
the USA, approximately 1,000 babies die annually as a direct result of
DPT vaccination, and these are classified as SIDs.
One survey is reported to have found a 7.3-percent risk of SID within 3 days after inoculation. "
*** Toxic, CARCINOGENIC Vaccine Ingredients FEW Know About
Formaldehyde – There is sufficient evidence from cancer studies in
humans proving the carcinogenic effects of this ingredient.
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the International Agency
for Research on Cancer admit formaldehyde is a known carcinogen.
Mercury is a known carcinogen and for many years children received up
to 237 micrograms (mcg) from vaccines during the first two years of
This far exceeds the EPA’s recommended safe (to ingest, not inject), level of 1/10th of 1 microgram per kilogram a day.
A rabbit will die if given 35 mcg of mercury.
3~ Thimerosal, which is in many vaccines, is a mercury-containing compound that is 50 times more toxic than simple mercury.
The CDC claims to have removed “most” thimerosal from common pediatric vaccines, leaving only “trace amounts.”
are NO safe amounts of mercury established for humans and yet, children
receive combined vaccines that can build up mercury in the body and
cause potential problems.
4~ Aluminum. The Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) approved aluminum for use as an adjuvant in human
vaccines to boost immune response.
Aluminum is PROVEN harmful to all life forms.
FDA limits the dosage to 0.85 milligrams per vaccine to minimize
exposure; but children receive other vaccines at the same time that also
The American Academy of Pediatrics admits that
aluminum interferes with many cellular and metabolic processes in the
body’s nervous system and tissues.
Repeated exposure to
aluminum can have damaging effects and yet children receive repeated
injections during the recommended vaccine schedule.
In 1983, children received up to 23 doses of eight vaccines before the age of eighteen.
Today children receive as many as 69 doses of 16 different vaccines, all given by the age of eighteen.
Aluminum is also widely associated with breast cancer.
5~ Polysorbate 80
80 is a toxic substance that should never be ingested or placed on the
skin, much less injected, and yet it is in vaccines.
Studies with lab rats show Polysorbate 80 has both carcinogenic and infertility effects.
this carcinogenic ingredient is found both in Merck’s cancer vaccine,
Gardasil, and is also used in chemotherapy given to cancer patients.
OTHER FACTS ON VACCINES MANY ARE NOT INFORMED OF?
ALL WHO READ THE ABOVE AND STILL FEEL IT'S SAFE TO VACCINATE, AND FOR
THOSE WHO KNOW THE ABOVE HAZARDS AND CHOOSE NOT TO VACCINATE, LET ME
JUST SAY THAT IT IS A PERSONAL CHOICE, ALWAYS.
BUT WHEN WE
MAKE THAT CHOICE FOR A CHILD, ANYONE WHO HAS NO WAY OF REALIZING THE RISKS, THE
STUDIES, THE PACKAGE INSERT WARNINGS, BUT ESPECIALLY A CHILD WHO HAS NO SAY IN THE
MATTER BUT WHO WILL BE THE ONE AFFECTED BY OUR DECISIONS, SHOULD WE ERR
ON THE SIDE OF CAUTION, PERHAPS?
MY PARENTS WERE NOT
INFORMED, NOR WERE THE PHYSICIANS AND NURSES WHO TRUSTED THE POLIO
VACCINES THAT SO MANY OF US HAD IN THE 1950s, EARLY1960s AND ON UNTIL
EVEN THE EARLY 1990s IN SOME COMMUNITIES.
I WAS CERTAINLY NOT INFORMED, NOR GIVEN A CHOICE.
I WAS A SCHOOL CHILD.
WE WERE LINED UP AND INJECTED, THE END.
BUT IT WASN'T THE END...
THE END, FOR FAR TOO MANY OF US, WAS TERMINAL CANCER.
FOR THOSE OF US WHO HAVE SURVIVED ONE OR MORE BATTLES WITH CANCER, WE CAN ONLY WISH WE'D HAD A TRULY INFORMED CHOICE.
WILL BE THE END RESULT FOR CHILDREN WHOSE MOTHERS WERE VACCINATED WHILE
PREGNANT, FOR NEWBORNS WHO ARE TOO EARLY VACCINATED, OR FOR EVEN SOME
KIDS AND ADULTS WHO RECEIVE VACCINATIONS, PERIOD?
WE'LL HAVE TO WAIT AND SEE...FOR HOW LONG IS YET TO BE SEEN.
THERE'S THAT ODD PISTOL WITH SO MANY CHAMBERS... DO WE PULL THAT TRIGGER OR NOT?
EACH OF US MUST HAVE THE CHOICE NOT TO DO SO.
TAKE AWAY THE RIGHT OF ANYONE TO CHOOSE TO NOT VACCINATE IS NO
DIFFERENT FROM FORCING SOMEONE TO PLAY RUSSIAN ROULETTE WITH A LOADED
September 10, 2003
Subcommittee on Human Rights and Wellness
U.S. House Government Reform Committee
U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C.
“The SV40 Virus: Has Tainted Polio Vaccine Caused an Increase in Cancer?”
is frank admission that the limitations of technology and lack of
scientific knowledge means there can be no guarantee the vaccines will
not be contaminated with substances that could prove harmful to humans
Nevertheless, there are plans to set allowable thresholds for
adventitious agent contamination of vaccines being made out of cancer
cells that would contain residual DNA and RNA.
(Attachment 9: Excerpts
from May 12, 2000 FDA Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory
Committee meeting transcript and Attachment 10: Excerpts from May 16,
2001 FDA Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee
I do not think Congress or the public understands
any of this.
There should be a much wider discussion in the larger
scientific community outside of federal health agencies and the
pharmaceutical industry, as well as in Congress and by the public at
large before decisions are made to proceed with producing vaccines that
use cancer cells and have legally allowable thresholds of adventitious
"Past is often prologue. So much
can be learned from understanding the mistakes of the past so that the
same mistakes are not made in the future.
Outstanding questions about
the links between vaccines, government vaccine policies and the epidemic
of chronic disease in our children, including autism, learning
disabilities, ADHD, asthma, diabetes and, as we have discussed today,
cancer are not going away.
Questions about the links between vaccines
that US military soldiers are required to take, including anthrax and
smallpox vaccines, and the subsequent death or permanent health problems
being suffered by those previously healthy, young recruits are not
They will never go away when the main defense of industry
and government health officials is that when anything bad happens after
vaccination it is just a coincidence.
I can tell you, the American
public, especially parents, are not buying it.
And they shouldn’t buy
it, especially when the kind of evidence that you will hear today
suggests official government and industry denials are simply a way of
avoiding taking responsibility for failing to do everything they can to
minimize the risks of vaccines.
We owe it to our children and
grandchildren to do everything we can to find out the truth about
vaccine risks and make the mass vaccination system as safe as it can be.
I believe that can only be done if Congress exercises more oversight
authority over federal health agencies responsible for vaccine research,
development, regulation, policymaking, promotion and monitoring of
vaccine side effects.
Conflict of interest legislation is urgently
needed to separate government health agencies from financial and other
ties with the vaccine industry so that government health officials can
be free to do the job they are supposed to do: protect the health and
well being of every American and not simply protect the vaccine supply.
(Attachment 11: Investigative news report by UPI reporter Mark Benjamin.
July 20, 2003. Chicago Sun Times, Washington Times) "