THE VIDEOS ABOVE AND BELOW DEMONSTRATE THE CURRENTS THAT BRING RADIATION FROM JAPAN TO THE U.S. AND ARE EXPLANATORY OF THE TEXT THAT BEGINS AT *** BELOW.
[THE TEA ROOM GRATEFULLY ACKNOWLEDGES THE EFFORTS AND DOCUMENTATIONS FROM 'WASHINGTON'S BLOG' FOR MUCH OF THE FOLLOWING DATA. SEE THEIR INCREDIBLE ARTICLES <HERE> AND <HERE>.]
OFFERED AS "RESULTS OF A RECENT STUDY" IN YESTERDAY'S "NEWS" WAS ANOTHER HELPING OF GARBAGE FROM WOODS HOLE SCIENTISTS.
FUKUSHIMA RADIATION, THEY STATED, WAS DETECTED AT INCREASED LEVELS OFF OUR WEST COAST AND INLAND SALMON WAS CONTAMINATED BY THE CESIUM-134 THAT COMES ONLY FROM THE FUKUSHIMA MELT-DOWNS, BUT WOODS HOLE "SCIENTISTS" SAY IT'S NOTHING TO BE CONCERNED ABOUT?
FIRST, THIS "NEWS" ISN'T NEWS AS THIS "RECENT REPORT" IS ABOUT SAMPLES GATHERED LAST WINTER BY THE PUPPETS AT WOODS HOLE.
"The Oregon samples, marking the first time cesium-134 has been detected on U.S. shores, were taken in January and February of 2016 and later analyzed. They each measured 0.3 becquerels per cubic meter of cesium-134.
THAT ONE SALMON THEY "REPORTED" AS CONTAMINATED WAS FROM 2015!
"Last month, the group reported that a single sockeye salmon, sampled from Okanagan Lake in the summer of 2015, had tested positive for cesium-134."
ARE WE TO THINK THAT THAT WAS THE ONLY SALMON IN THAT LAKE THAT WAS CONTAMINATED, OR THAT THE READING ON THAT SALMON WAS AS HIGH AS PERHAPS OTHER SALMON IN THAT SAME LAKE?
WHAT ABOUT OTHER FISH IN OTHER LAKES, RIVERS, STREAMS IN THAT REGION?
The OUTDATED, LAST YEAR'S findings were published in the Statesman Journal.
WHAT ARE THE LEVELS TODAY?
MAYBE WE'LL FIND OUT NEXT YEAR?
IT DOESN'T TAKE A SOLID YEAR TO ANALYZE RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION IN A LIVING ORGANISM!
WHAT NO ONE AT OLD WOODS HOLE HAS ADDRESSED IS THAT THEIR "LOW LEVELS", THEIR CALMING STATEMENTS THAT WE HAVE NOTHING TO WORRY ABOUT NEVER, NEVER INCLUDE WHAT HAPPENS TO ANY LIFE FORM THAT HAS TO BE SUBMERGED IN THAT "LOW LEVEL" RADIOACTIVE CESSPOOL 24 HOURS A DAY, 365 DAYS A YEAR, WITH NO WAY OUT.
LOW LEVELS ARE LETHAL WHEN ONE IS EXPOSED TO 'LOW LEVELS' AGAIN AND AGAIN.
OUR MILITARY IS WARNED OF THOSE MULTIPLE "LOW-LEVEL" RISKS!
"A military briefing written by the U.S. Army for commanders in Iraq states:
Hazards from low level radiation are long-term, not acute effects… Every exposure increases risk of cancer."
EVERY EXPOSURE...WHAT ABOUT EXPOSURE ALL DAY, EVERY DAY?
AND THE SAME WARNING CAN BE FOUND IN OTHER MILITARY DOCUMENTS:
The briefing states that doses are cumulative, citing the following military studies and reports:
ACE Directive 80-63, ACE Policy for Defensive Measures against Low Level Radiological Hazards during Military Operations, 2 AUG 96
AR 11-9, The Army Radiation Program, 28 MAY 99
FM 4-02.283, Treatment of Nuclear and Radiological Casualties, 20 DEC 01
JP 3-11, Joint Doctrine for Operations in NBC Environments, 11 JUL 00
NATO STANAG 2473, Command Guidance on Low Level Radiation Exposure in Military Operations, 3 MAY 00
Many studies have shown that repeated exposures to low levels of ionizing radiation from CT scans and x-rays can cause cancer. See this, this, this, this and this....just for starters, with some of those being peer-reviewed studies, BTW.
SO, DAMN YOU TO A RADIOACTIVE BLAZING HOT HELL, WOODS HOLE!
IT LOOKS LIKE YOU'VE SOLD OUT!
YOU APPEAR TO HAVE PUT THE BIG NUKE INDUSTRY ABOVE HUMAN LIVES AND YOU OBVIOUSLY DON'T GIVE TWO CENTS ABOUT MARINE LIFE OR ANY LIFE ON THIS PLANET WHEN YOU DON'T WARN ABOUT THE VERY REAL DANGER OF LOW LEVEL RADIATION AND BIOACCUMULATION!
YOU ISSUE "RESULTS" AFTER OVER A YEAR, SHOWING US THAT FOR OVER A YEAR NOW WE'VE HAD FUKUSHIMA RADIATION FOR BREAKFAST, LUNCH AND DINNER OFF OUR WEST COAST, AND ELSEWHERE BY NOW, BUT YOU WON'T RAISE ONE BIT OF ALARM AND YOU DENY US THE RIGHT TO BE INFORMED?
MAYBE A "DON'T EAT FROM THE PACIFIC OCEAN, WEST COAST LAKES OR RIVERS"?
MAYBE A "FUKUSHIMA RADIATION HAS ENTERED THE AMERICAN FOOD CHAIN"?
IT'S LIKE THE DIME A DOZEN "SCIENTISTS" AT WOODS HOLE DON'T KNOW ABOUT BIOACCUMULATION, ABOUT HOW RADIATION BUILDS AS IT GOES THROUGH THE FOOD CHAIN, AND IT IS IN OUR FOOD CHAIN, BUT NOT JUST IN RIVER SALMON.
WHAT WOODS HOLE ALSO DOES NOT EVER ADDRESS IS WHAT IT MEANS FOR AN ORGANISM, LIKE THAT ONE LONE SALMON THEY "TESTED", TO HAVE SUCH A "LOW LEVEL" OF RADIATION INSIDE, YES, INSIDE ITS BODY.
WHAT DOES RADIATION DO INSIDE THE BODY OF A LIVING THING?
"Ionizing radiation—the kind that minerals, atom bombs and nuclear reactors emit—does one main thing to the human body: it weakens and breaks up DNA, either damaging cells enough to kill them or causing them to mutate in ways that may eventually lead to cancer."
In a typical year, a person might receive a total dose of two or three millisieverts from things like ambient radioactivity, plane flights and medical procedures. In the U.S. the annual exposure limit for nuclear plant workers is 0.05 sieverts per year.
At or below these levels, the enzymes that repair DNA keep up with damage enough to keep the risk of cancer low.
Above them, the body's systems of repair can't keep pace. 100 millisieverts a year is the threshold above which cancer risk starts to increase, according to the World Nuclear Association.
According to reports, radiation levels have fluctuated at Fukushima, rising at one reading to 400 millisieverts per hour.
At that level, Dedon says, seven minutes would bring you to the U.S. yearly limit.
Over an hour could be a lethal dose."
THAT WAS WRITTEN MARCH 16, 2011, BY POPULAR SCIENCE.
SUCH A WARNING WAS REPEATED IN MAJOR MEDIA BACK THEN, WHEN WE HAD SOME HONESTY IN REPORTING THOSE FIRST FEW DAYS AS THE HORROR OF WHAT HAD JUST HAPPENED SUNK IN.
"Long-term exposure to ionizing radiation, even at doses too low to produce any symptoms of radiation sickness, can induce genetic mutations and cancer.
Normally, cells are controlled by the chemical structure of DNA molecules. But when radiation deposits enough energy to disrupt molecular bonds, strands of DNA are broken. While most repair properly, around a quarter don't—and so begins a long, slow process which results in an increased rate of mutations in future generations of cells. The probability of cancer increases with effective radiation dose—but, cruelly, the severity of the cancer is independent of the dose. Exposure is what counts, and it doesn't matter if the radiation level was high or low.
Radiation can be concentrated many times in the food chain and any consumption adds to the cumulative risk of cancer and other diseases.
The National Council on Radiation Protection says, “… every increment of radiation exposure produces an incremental increase in the risk of cancer.” The Environmental Protection Agency says, “… any exposure to radiation poses some risk, i.e. there is no level below which we can say an exposure poses no risk.”
The Department of Energy says about “low levels of radiation” that “… the major effect is a very slight increase in cancer risk.”
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission says, “any amount of radiation may pose some risk for causing cancer … any increase in dose, no matter how small, results in an incremental increase in risk.”
The National Academy of Sciences, in its “Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation VII,” says, “… it is unlikely that a threshold exists for the induction of cancers ….”
We've known about bioaccumulation and biomagnification for a long time.
IN 1957, DR. ALBERT SCHWEITZER SPOKE TO THE WORLD ABOUT THE DANGERS OF NUCLEAR POWER.
BELOW IS PART OF WHAT HE SAID AND ARE FACTS THAT WE ARE SELDOM TOLD BY THE LIKES OF WOODS HOLE'S "SCIENTISTS":
"Since radioactive rays of sufficient amount and strength have harmful effects on the human body, it must be considered whether the radiation resulting from the hydrogen explosions that have already taken place represents a danger which would increase with new explosions.
Wherever radioactive rainwater is found the soil is also radioactive – and in a higher degree. The soil is made radioactive not only by the downpour, but also from radioactive dust falling on it. And with the soil the vegetation will also have become radioactive.
The radioactive elements deposited in the soil pass into the plants, where they are stored. This is of importance, for as a result of this process it may be the case that we are threatened by a considerable amount of radioactive elements.
The radioactive elements in grass, when eaten by animals whose meat is used for food, will be absorbed and stored in our bodies.
In the case of cows grazing on contaminated soil, the absorption is affected when we drink their milk. In that way, small children run an especially dangerous risk of absorbing radioactive elements.
When we eat contaminated cheese and fruits the radioactive elements stored in them are transferred to us.
What this storing of radioactive material implies is clearly demonstrated by the observations made when, on one occasion, the radioactivity of the Columbia River in North America was analyzed.
The radioactivity was caused by the atomic plants at Hanford, which produce plutonium for atomic bombs and which empty their waste water into the river.
The radioactivity of the river water was insignificant. But the radioactivity of the river plankton was 2,000 times higher, that of the ducks eating plankton 40,000 times higher, that of the fish 15,000 times higher.
In young swallows fed on insects caught by their parents in the river the radioactivity was 500,000 times higher, and in the egg yolks of water birds more than 1,000,000 times higher.
From official and unofficial sources we have been assured, time and time again, that the increase in radioactivity of the air does not exceed the amount which the human body can tolerate without any harmful effects.
This is just evading the issue.
Even if we are not directly affected by the radioactive material in the air, we are indirectly affected through that which has fallen down, is falling down, and will fall down.
We are absorbing this through radioactive drinking water and through animal and vegetable foodstuffs, to the same extent as radioactive elements are stored in the vegetation of the region in which we live. Unfortunately for us, nature hoards what is falling down from the air."
[PLEASE, PLEASE DO READ ALL OF THAT AMAZING SPEECH AT https://www.wagingpeace.org/a-declaration-of-conscience/ BECAUSE IT IS THE TRUTH AND IT IS MOST IMPORTANT.]
In an experiment in the early 1980s, Scott Fowler, who helped pioneer marine radioecology for more than 30 years at the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Marine Environment Laboratories, demonstrated vast differences in how much plutonium was absorbed from seawater by marine life across a spectrum of taxonomic groups.
Phytoplankton accumulated roughly 10 times as much plutonium as microzooplankton, which took up 100 times more than clams.
Octopi and crabs took up about half as much plutonium as clams, but about 100 times more than bottom-dwelling fish.
In one experiment measuring uptake of americium, worms exposed to contaminated sediments took up significantly more of the radioisotope than clams did. But both worms and clams took up much more of the radioisotopes from Pacific sediments, which contain relatively high amounts of silica minerals, than they did from Atlantic sediments, which contain more carbon minerals. "
TRANSLATING FOR WOODS HOLE: THE LOWEST OF THE LOW LEVELS OF RADIATION CAN KILL AND HAS KILLED PEOPLE, ANIMALS AND PLANTS, HAS DESTROYED LIFE.
IT HAS ENTERED OUR FOOD CHAIN.
Japan Times reported:
"Protracted exposure to low-level radiation is associated with a significant increase in the risk of leukemia, according to a long-term study published Thursday in a U.S. research journal.
The study released in the monthly Environmental Health Perspectives was based on a 20-year survey of around 110,000 workers who engaged in cleanup work related to the Chernobyl nuclear plant disaster in 1986.
Scientists from the University of California, San Francisco, the U.S. National Cancer Institute and the National Research Center for Radiation Medicine in Ukraine were among those who participated in the research."
EVEN THE CURSED W.H.O. ISSUED WARNING!
World Health Organization (WHO): Prolonged Exposure to Even LOW Level Radiation Increases the Risk of Cancer
October 28, 2015
"A major new study coordinated by World Health Organization’s cancer division – the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) – finds that even low-level radiation increases the risk of cancer, if exposure occurs over time.
The IARC announced last week:
New results from a study coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the cancer agency of the World Health Organization, show that protracted exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation increases the risk of death from solid cancers. The results, published today in The BMJ [the prestigious British Medical Journal], are based on the most powerful study to date and provide direct evidence about cancer risks after protracted exposures to low-dose ionizing radiation.
“The present study demonstrates a significant association between increasing radiation dose and risk of all solid cancers,” says IARC researcher Dr Ausrele Kesminiene, a study co-author.
“No matter whether people are exposed to protracted low doses or to high and acute doses, the observed association between dose and solid cancer risk is similar per unit of radiation dose.”
PER UNIT, WOODS HOLE!
HOW MANY OF THOSE OREGON RIVER SALMON WILL YOU FEED YOUR KIDS?
HOW MANY WILL YOU EAT?
WILL THE GUY IN THE WHITE HOUSE AND HIS FAMILY BE DINING ON "WILD CAUGHT PACIFIC SALMON"?
As the head of a Tokyo-area medical clinic – Dr. Junro Fuse, Internist and head of Kosugi Medical Clinic – said:
"Risk from internal exposure is 200-600 times greater than risk from external exposure."
The Asia Pacific Journal recently noted that the studies used to assess radiation risk fail to account for internal exposure: “These studies are [only] concerned with external exposure.”
HOW IS YOUR READING COMPREHENSION, WOODS HOLE?
DO YOU NEED TRANSLATION OR HELP WITH THE BIG WORDS?
TALK TO US ABOUT INTERNAL EXPOSURE!
NEED SOME PEER-REVIEWED STUDIES TO SHOW YOU WHAT INTERNAL EXPOSURE DOES?
See this, this, this and this.
"Even the very lowest levels of radiation are harmful to life, scientists have concluded in the Cambridge Philosophical Society’s journal Biological Reviews.
Reporting the results of a wide-ranging analysis of 46 peer-reviewed studies published over the past 40 years, researchers from the University of South Carolina and the University of Paris-Sud found that variation in low-level, natural background radiation was found to have small, but highly statistically significant, negative effects on DNA as well as several measures of health.
The review is a meta-analysis of studies of locations around the globe …. “Pooling across multiple studies, in multiple areas, and in a rigorous statistical manner provides a tool to really get at these questions about low-level radiation.”
Their results, which are consistent with the “linear-no-threshold” model for radiation effects, will better inform the debate about exposure risks. “With the levels of contamination that we have seen as a result of nuclear power plants, especially in the past, and even as a result of Chernobyl and Fukushima and related accidents, there’s an attempt in the industry to downplay the doses that the populations are getting, because maybe it’s only one or two times beyond what is thought to be the natural background level,” he said. “But they’re assuming the natural background levels are fine.”
“Consuming food containing radionuclides is particularly dangerous.
If an individual ingests or inhales a radioactive particle, it continues to irradiate the body as long as it remains radioactive and stays in the body,”said Alan H. Lockwood, MD, a member of the Board of Physicians for Social Responsibility.
IN THAT LUDICROUS, MEANINGLESS WOODS HOLE "REPORT" THE BOY SCIENTISTS "OBSERVED":
"The plume is moving toward the coast at roughly twice the speed of a garden snail. Radiation levels have not yet peaked."
LET'S LOOK AT HOW FAST THAT PACIFIC GYRE REALLY MOVES, SHALL WE?
There are five major ocean-wide gyres—the North Atlantic, South Atlantic, North Pacific, South Pacific, and Indian Ocean gyres.
The Kuroshio Current in the North Pacific is 50-75 km across and can flow at speeds of up to 3-4 km per hour (1 METER PER SECOND OR 1 m/s), but can be as fast as 7 km per hour ( 2 m/s).
"The relatively narrow, jet-like currents of the Gulf Stream system and the Kuroshio off Japan are the largest currents in the ocean. They have speeds between 40 and 120 km/day (25 to 75 mi/day or 0.4–1.3 m/s)."
[SOURCE: Gross, M G. Oceanography. 6th ed. Columbus: Merrill, 1990: 74-75.]
COMPARE THAT TO THE SPEED OF A GARDEN SNAIL:
Garden snail, 0.03 mph or 0.013 m/s
SO THAT CURRENT IS FLOWING AT ABOUT 100 TIMES THE SPEED OF YOUR SNAIL, WOODS HOLE.
(SNAIL = 0.013 M/S VERSUS CURRENT AT 1.3 M/S)
DID YOU FLUNK MATH?
BUT TAKING THAT LOWEST NUMBER, 25 mph PER DAY, IT WOULD TAKE SURFACE WATER JUST 205 DAYS TO ARRIVE IN SAN FRANCISCO FROM JAPAN.
HOW FAR WOULD YOUR SNAIL HAVE TRAVELED IN 24 HOURS/ONE DAY?
0.72 MILES PER DAY, BOYS.
IT WOULD TAKE THE SNAIL 7,133 DAYS TO ARRIVE FROM JAPAN.
(5,136 MILES AT LESS THAN 3/4 MILE PER DAY.)
AND WHAT BLOODY DIFFERENCE DOES IT MAKE HOW LONG IT TAKES IT TO GET HERE WHEN IT WILL BE INCOMING FOR DECADES AND WILL ARRIVE EVERY DAY UNTIL AFTER THE LEAKS ARE ALL STOPPED...WHICH MAY BE NEVER!
THE FIRST RELEASED "STUDY" ON HOW QUICKLY FUKU RADIATION ARRIVED OFF OUR WEST COAST CLEARLY STATED THAT CESIUM-134 WAS 'OUT THERE' IN 2012...BUT IN "LOW LEVELS".
COMPARED TO NO LEVEL OF CESIUM-134 IN 2009, AREN'T LOW LEVELS ACTUALLY HIGH?
*** Flowing easterly from the island of Honshu, Japan, the North Pacific Current (Drift) covers over 20° of longitude.
[SEE VIDEOS AT TOP OF THIS BLOG ENTRY.]
As the NPC approaches the Northwestern coast of North America it divides into two currents the Alaska and the California currents.
The Gulf of Alaska and the California Current receive different volumes and flows of WARM water from the North Pacific Current. This division of water flow is known as bifurcation The Gulf of Alaska receives about 60% of the water from the NPC and the California Current receives approximately the other 40% of the NPC water. These volumes do fluctuate."
AS WE CAN SEE, TOP SPEED OF THE NORTH PACIFIC GYRE CAN BE THREE TIMES THE LOWEST SPEED. IT DEPENDS ON WINDS, WATER TEMPERATURES, SALINITY, ETC.
WHEN DID WE START SEEING THOSE MASS DIE-OFFS OF EVERYTHING FROM KELP TO WHALES?
YES! 2011, ESPECIALLY IN THE ARCTIC.
BUT THE WOODS HOLE "REPORT" ALSO LEFT OUT THREE OTHER WAYS WE'RE GETTING THAT FUKU RADIATION: RAIN, WIND, INGESTION.
FUKUSHIMA RADIATION REACHED HAWAII IN A WEEK.
IT DID NOT ARRIVE BY SEA!
June 10, 2016
"It took only one week for radionuclides to infiltrate the atmosphere above the Hawaiian Islands after they were released from damaged reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant following the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami March 11, 2011.
By early April of that year, researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa began collecting ocean water and sediments to provide a baseline for cesium levels.
Establishing a baseline was critical, as data from government-monitored cesium tests from the 1960s through the early 1980s were the most recent available.
“The Department of Health monitored precipitation and the atmosphere and also milk,” Henrietta Dulai, associate professor in the Marine and Environmental Geology Division of the UH-Manoa Department of Geology and Geophysics said. “They found positive (cesium) hits in all of these.”
A correlation was established between areas of higher rainfall and higher cesium levels in the soil. At higher elevations, more rainfall occurred and more cesium was absorbed by the soil. This is what led to elevated cesium levels detected in milk from grazing cattle.
It turned out that the topography of the islands captured the clouds and to a large extent spared the oceans from excess radioactivity, as cesium deposits from rainfall tended to accumulate on land. "
WHAT SORT OF ACCUMULATION HAS AMERICA HAD "ON LAND" ON OUR WEST COAST?
OH, WOODS HOLE HASN'T BEEN MEASURING THAT, NOR HAS ANY GOVERNMENT AGENCY SEEN FIT TO MOUNT A STUDY TO DETERMINE THAT!
WHY DIDN'T KENNY B AND HIS PAL MENTION THE JAPANESE STUDY ON EFFECTS OF FUKU RADIATION ON WILDLIFE?
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN RADIATION IS INGESTED?
IT WAS A PEER-REVIEWED STUDY, QUITE VALID.
"Researchers from the University of Rukyus, Okinawa, Japan, chose contaminated leaves from six areas around the power plant, from 36 miles away and from over 1,000 miles away. They fed these leaves to pale blue grass butterflies common in the area.
The researchers found that after the butterflies ate the contaminated leaves, the creatures were negatively impacted by radiation. Those that ate leaves from closer to the Fukushima facility were seriously impacted with health issues that ranged from severe abnormalities, illness and even death. However, butterflies that ate leaves from further away still had radiation doses that caused some issues, such as oddly shaped wings.
More severe abnormalities 6 months after the accident....
"Wildlife has probably been damaged even at relatively low doses of radiation, and our research showed that sensitivity varies among individuals within a species," says Professor Joji Otaki, one of the researchers.
The second part of the study looked at the offspring of the butterflies that ingested contaminated leaves. These consisted of two groups: the ones eating contaminated food and the ones eating uncontaminated food.
The results showed that those eating contaminated leaves suffered from even greater negative effects than did their parents.
However, those eating uncontaminated leaves (FROM THE SAME PARENTS) were healthier, with only smaller wings as a side effect.
"Our study demonstrated that eating contaminated foods could cause serious negative effects on organisms," says Otoki.
"Such negative effects may be passed down the generations.
On the bright side, eating non-contaminated food improves the negative effects, even in the next generation."
In an earlier study scientists also focused on feeding butterflies radiation-contaminated leaves. This recent study, however, used leaves with lower doses of radiation, although the radiation levels still often proved lethal.
Currently, Fukushima's most pressing concern is radioactive water. Officials estimate that it will take decades before the cleanup is complete."
LET'S TALK FISH...
The variability in fish has numerous confounding factors -- the fishes' position in the food chain, where they live in the water column and their migratory patterns, to name a few.
Additionally, there is a hypothesis that sediments have delayed the dispersal of the radioactive substances.
Benthic fish, those at the bottom of the ocean, are more exposed to contaminated sediments and receive higher dose rates than pelagic fish living in the higher levels of the water column.
The long-term fate of the contamination is still unknown, and information about how much radiation is stored in sediments and how much is still leaking from delayed sources, such as groundwater, has yet to be quantified.
[SOURCE: Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. ordi Vives i Batlle. Impact of the Fukushima accident on marine biota, five years later. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 2016; 12 (4): 654 DOI: 10.1002/ieam.1825]
AND LET'S TALK ABOUT THE FACT THAT FUKU RADIATION REACHED ARCTIC SEA ICE IN UNDER TWO WEEKS AND WHAT WE SAW AFTER THAT...
CANCERS IN SEALS, WALRUSES, POLAR BEARS, WHALES...
EFFECTS OF RADIATION ON THE HUMAN BODY SHOWS US HOW MUCH DAMAGE THE SMALLEST AMOUNT OF RADIATION CAN DO.
BTW, WHEN READING ABOUT RADIATION, BEWARE THE MANY MEASUREMENTS THROWN AT US IN DIFFERENT ARTICLES AND STUDIES.
For equivalent dose, the unit corresponding to rads is the rem (roentgen equivalent man). If the absorbed dose is in grays then the unit for dose equivalent is sievert (Sv). Thus, 1 Sv = 100 rem.
Roughly 1 rem is the average dose received in three years of exposure to "natural/background radiation".
One sievert is at the lower end of a range of doses that are likely to cause radiation sickness.
Members of the public or workers in the nuclear industry may receive exposure to what are commonly referred to as "low" doses of radiation.
This is not precisely defined but it would include doses below 10 mSv (millisieverts) per year.
At doses below 1 Sv (100 rem), there is little likelihood of radiation sickness. However, much lower doses of 0.2 Sv (20 rem) or above increase the risk of cancer.
High radioactive doses are above 3 Gy (300 rad), which are very dangerous.
Doses above 6 Gy (600 rad) are almost always fatal, leading to death within months. Very high doses are expressed in terms of grays. Radiation above 1 Gy causes a complex of symptoms such as nausea and blood changes, known as radiation sickness.
A further weighting factor can be applied depending on the part of the body or type of tissue that is exposed to the radiation."
ALL THAT LIVE IN THE OCEANS HAVE ALL BODY PARTS EXPOSED ALL THE TIME AND ALSO INGEST FOOD THAT HAS BEEN CONTAMINATED AS WELL.
WHY AREN'T THE MONKEYS AT WOODS HOLE TELLING US ANY OF THIS?
IS IT JUST ABOUT THE MONEY?
"Recently released report in the Nikkei Asian Review revealed that the total cost estimate of the compensation (for the Fukushima meltdowns) is now swelling up to 21.5 trillion yen ($188 billion). This includes decommissioning expenses of 8 trillion yen, along with an additional 4 trillion yen for decontaminating the affected areas."
DECONTAMINATION COULD ONLY TAKE PLACE AFTER A NUCLEAR "ACCIDENT" HAS ENDED!
THEY ADMIT THEY CAN'T END IT, SO THEY CAN'T DECONTAMINATE BECAUSE THAT MONSTER SITS THERE AND EMITS RADIATION ALL DAY, EVERY DAY AND TEPCO DUMPS THE CONTAMINATED, GLOW-IN-THE-DARK WATER FROM THEIR NUCLEAR WEAPON, THE DAI'ICHI POWER PLANT, INTO OUR PACIFIC OCEAN EVERY SINGLE DAY!
CONTINUING WITH THE WORTHLESS WOODS HOLE 'REPORT'...
The Statesman Journal reported Mr Cullen saying: "It appears that the plume has spread throughout this vast area from Alaska to California."
NO, THE PLUME EXTENDS FROM JAPAN TO THE ARCTIC CIRCLE AND BELOW THE BAJA PENINSULA, AND ADD HAWAII...
"As the contamination plume progresses towards our coast we expect levels closer to shore to increase over the coming year."
THE COMING YEAR?
TRY FOR THE COMING 40 TO 100 YEARS!
TEPCO HAS STATED IT CAN'T BEGIN TO STOP THE LEAKS FOR AT LEAST 40 YEARS!
ALSO, YOU FORGOT TO MENTION THAT THIS "LATEST REPORT" IS ON SAMPLES TAKEN LAST YEAR.
SINCE LAST YEAR, HOW MUCH HAS THE DAMNED RADIATION INCREASED?
WHY NOT TELL US THAT?
HOW MUCH OF AN INCREASE MIGHT THERE HAVE BEEN ALL THIS PAST YEAR SINCE THAT SHOWED UP LAST YEAR?
THE NECESSARY STUDIES JUST HAVE NOT BEEN DONE.
"One problem in the radiation field is that little of the data on hand addresses the problem of protracted exposure. Most of the health data used to estimate the health effects of radiation exposure comes from survivors of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings of 1945.
That was mostly a one-time exposure.
Three recent epidemiologic studies suggest that the risk from protracted exposure is no lower, and in fact may be higher, than from single exposures."
SOMETHING ELSE WE'RE SELDOM REMINDED OF:
"Most Background Radiation Didn’t Exist Before Nuclear Weapons Testing and Nuclear Reactors"
In fact, there was exactly zero background radioactive cesium or iodine before above-ground nuclear testing and nuclear accidents started.
The EPA notes (PDF) :
"Cesium-133 is the only naturally occurring isotope and is non-radioactive; all other isotopes, including cesium-137, are produced by human activity."
Similarly, iodine-131 is not a naturally occurring isotope. As the Encyclopedia Britannica notes:
The only naturally occurring isotope of iodine is stable iodine-127. An exceptionally useful radioactive isotope is iodine-131…
AND BUESSELER...OLD KENNY B. MADE LIGHT OF THE CESIUM 134 SHOWING UP IN INLAND FISH:
"...the short half-life of cesium-134 makes it harder to detect as time goes on."
NOT WHEN THAT CESIUM IS BEING DUMPED AFRESH EVERY DAY FOR THE PAST 5 1/2 YEARS, MORON!
IT'S CONSTANTLY ENTERING THE FOOD CHAIN OUT THERE
EVERY SINGLE DAY... AND IT ISN'T SLOWING DOWN!
THE LEAKS AND THE INTENTIONAL DUMPING INTO THE PACIFIC ARE NOT GOING TO STOP, KENNY BOY!
WHILE YOU HAD YOUR EQUIPMENT UP AND RUNNING WHY DIDN'T YOU TEST MORE THAN ONE OLD SALMON?
WHY DIDN'T YOU TEST ONE OF THOSE DEAD GEESE OR DUCKS FOUND INLAND OFF THE WEST COAST, OR MAYBE A FEW SAMPLES OF CALIFORNIA PRODUCE?
WHY DIDN'T YOU TEST AND REPORT LAST YEAR'S SAMPLES LAST YEAR, WOODS HOLE WONDER-BOYS?
WHY DON'T YOU STOP WORRYING ABOUT FUNDING AND REPUTATION AND ALL THAT AND JUST REPORT SOME REAL TRUTH?
WE PROMISE NOT TO "PANIC"...WE JUST WANT TO BE INFORMED.
WE JUST WANT A CHANCE TO DECIDE IF WE WANT TO RISK EATING CONTAMINATED FOODS, SWIM IN THAT OCEAN, LIVE NEAR THAT SHORE.
BUESSELER SAID HE'D SWIM IN THE PACIFIC, BUT I DEMAND HE SWIM IN IT FOR A SOLID YEAR...JUST ONE YEAR.
WE'D BURY HIM AFTER JUST A MONTH OR SO IS MY GUESS.
ONE MONTH, 24 HOURS A DAY, EVERY DAY, IN THAT "HARMLESS LOW LEVEL RADIATION"...YEAH, GO FOR IT, KENNY B!
IF YOU MANAGE TO LIVE FOR A MONTH, ENJOY THE 'BURN' AS YOU GO ON TO THE NEXT MONTH, AND THE NEXT, LIKE ALL MARINE LIFE HAS TO DO.
YOU CAN HOPE IT DOESN'T RAIN ON YOUR SWIM BECAUSE WHAT'S COMING ACROSS THE BIG POND FROM JAPAN IN THE FORM OF RAIN IS SOME OF THE MOST DEADLY STUFF WE KNOW OF, LAD.
ANOMALOUSLY HIGH LEVELS OF RADIOACTIVE POLONIUM AND IODINE FELL IN RAIN OVER THE SOUTHEAST UNITED STATES... RECORDED BY NASA AT THEIR STENNIS FACILITY AND IN THE PEARL RIVER NEAR THERE IN 2012.
HOPE THE WOODS HOLE BOYS CAN DODGE ALL THOSE VERY STRANGE "URANIUM BUCKY-BALLS"REPORTED IN THAT STUDY ON PUB-MED.
THEY TRAVEL VERY FAST ON THE SURFACE OF THE WATER AND WILL PUNCH RIGHT THROUGH YOU.
WHAT WOODS HOLE AND ALL OTHERS WHO DARE OFFER INFORMATION REGARDING THE ONGOING FUKUSHIMA NIGHTMARE NEED TO DO, ABOVE ALL ELSE, IS REPORT ALL THE FACTS, EVEN THOSE THEY IMAGINE WILL INDUCE "PANIC".
WE ALL DESERVE TO KNOW ALL THE TRUTH, NOT BITS AND PIECES AND NOT GLOSSED-OVER HOGWASH.
FURTHER READING: ~Fukushima: A Nuclear War without a War: The Unspoken Crisis of Worldwide Nuclear RadiationWORLDWIDE CONTAMINATION.
~ Low-level background radiation is the most hazardous source of radiation.
~ Absorption of Radionuclides from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident .
~Oak Ridge National Laboratory measured algae with a radiation count 10,000 times that of the water in which it was growing. The blue- green, algae growing in the thermal waters of the nuclear reactor effluents of the Savannah River Plant were able to concentrate the mixed fission and corrosion products by factors as great as 10,000. (Watts Harvey, 1963)
~ Accumulation of radioactive strontium by marine brown algae ...
~Fukushima released up to 100,000 times more cesium-137 in surface ocean waters than Chernobyl or nuclear weapons testing.
~ Units converter for radiation doses.
~ Internal structure of cesium-bearing radioactive microparticles released from Fukushima nuclear power plant.
~ Journal: Unprecedented phenomenon from using saltwater in Fukushima reactors -- Forming new uranium compounds able to travel long distances... "like carbon buckyballs"